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In mixed industrial effluent the presence of metal ions can retard the destruction of organic contaminants and the efficiency of recovery of the metal is reduced by the presence of the organic species. Results are presented for copper-2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) system in which both effects occur. An electrochemical cell alone can be used to(More)
Embryogenic cultures of interior spruce derived from 12 full-sib families were subjected to cryopreservation, with a 97 % success rate for 357 genotypes. Analyses suggested that cryotolerance was not related to family ranking (height increment), embryogenic potential or culture dispersability in suspension, and long-term storage in or above liquid nitrogen(More)
Four treatment regimens for patients with specified combinations of low back pain and sciatica were evaluated. The largest group studied had low back pain with limited straight-leg raising (SLR) and in them the beneficial effect of manipulation in hastening pain relief was highly significant. In similar patients without limitation of SLR, the effect was of(More)
A photoreactor was developed to study products of photochemical oxidation in a wide range of organic compounds. Analysis of the products from the reactor were used to determine the extent of mineralization of the organic material, to characterize any intermediate compounds formed, and to obtain information on the decomposition mechanism. Appropriate methods(More)
A double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial of nifedipine 10 mg three times daily for 6 weeks, in 10 patients with Raynaud's phenomenon secondary to systemic sclerosis, is reported. A significant reduction in the duration of attacks of Raynaud's phenomenon was observed. Nifedipine therapy also reduced the number and severity of attacks of Raynaud's(More)
In mixed wastewater streams, the presence of metal ions can retard the destruction of organic contaminants and the efficiency of recovery of the metal is reduced by the presence of organic species. The reduction in the efficiency of these methods is due to the formation of complexes between the organic species and the metal ions in solution. Results are(More)
Ten patients with moderate to severe Raynaud's syndrome were recruited into a four week randomised double blind crossover study to compare the efficacy of UK-38,485 50 mg, a new thromboxane synthetase inhibitor with that of placebo. With the doses used there was no significant difference between the two treatment periods in the number, severity and duration(More)
A procedure has been specifically designed to characterize suspect phenolic xenoestrogens in derivatized form by GC-MS. Methyl and trimethylsilyl derivatives of phenolic compounds were sequentially subjected to GC-MS. The mass spectral information derived from the molecular ion allowed the determination of the number of reactive hydroxyl groups and the(More)
Quantitative studies of the catalysed degradation of aqueous solutions of cinnamic 1, dihydrocinnamic 2, trans-caffeic 3 and dihydrocaffeic 4 acids in the presence of TiO2 and UV radiation at pH 3 and 10 are reported. The phenolic and aliphatic unsaturated groups in caffeic acid 3 caused it to be adsorbed more strongly than the phenolic saturated acid 4,(More)