Susan M Forbes

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The hydrolysis of sucrose by cell-wall invertases (cwINV) and the subsequent import of hexoses into target cells appears to be crucial for appropriate metabolism, growth and differentiation in plants. Hexose uptake from the apoplast is catalysed by monosaccharide/H+ symporters (Sugar Transport Proteins or STPs), which have the potential to sense sugars.(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence and epidemiology of Kawasaki syndrome (KS) in Hawaii. METHODS Retrospective analysis of the State Inpatient Database for Hawaii residents hospitalized with KS during 1996 through 2001. RESULTS During 1996 through 2001, 267 persons younger than 18 years of age living in Hawaii were hospitalized with KS; 226 (84.6%)(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the occurrence of Kawasaki syndrome (KS) among different racial/ethnic groups in Hawaii. METHODS Retrospective analysis of children <18 years of age, with a focus on children <5 years of age, living in Hawaii who were hospitalized with KS using the 1996-2006 Hawaii State Inpatient Data. RESULTS Children <5 years of age accounted(More)
Understanding the longitudinal properties of the time spent in different locations and activities is important in characterizing human exposure to pollutants. The results of a four-season longitudinal time-activity diary study in eight working adults are presented, with the goal of improving the parameterization of human activity algorithms in EPA’s(More)
To evaluate the effect of cardioversion on exercise capacity, 11 male patients (59 +/- 8 years) with chronic atrial fibrillation underwent maximal exercise testing using gas exchange techniques before and after successful cardioversion to normal sinus rhythm. Testing was conducted 1 day prior to and a mean of 39 (range 10 to 95) days following(More)
Failure to objectively assess the effect of digitalis on exercise capacity has resulted in controversy regarding its use in patients with chronic congestive heart failure. To clarify this situation, maximal treadmill testing with respiratory gas exchange analysis was performed on 11 patients (mean age 57 +/- 9 years) with chronic congestive heart failure(More)
BACKGROUND Lower respiratory tract infections are a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality among children worldwide. Our objective was to describe the incidence and epidemiology of severe bronchiolitis, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and pneumonia among children in Hawaii. METHODS Retrospective analysis of the patient-linked hospital discharge(More)
To evaluate the response of patients with chronic atrial fibrillation to exercise, 50 men (mean age 65 +/- 8 years) with atrial fibrillation underwent a maximal exercise test using respiratory gas exchange techniques. Patients were classified by the presence (n = 29) or absence ("lone atrial fibrillation," n = 21) of underlying heart disease. Responses were(More)
Nine male patients (mean age 65 yr) with chronic atrial fibrillation underwent maximal exercise testing during placebo, beta-adrenergic (celiprolol, 600 mg), or calcium (diltiazem, 30 or 60 mg four times daily) channel blockade. The results were analyzed to determine which factors most closely related to ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during exercise.(More)
To investigate the ideal sampling interval for the estimation of heart rate (HR) at rest and during exercise in atrial fibrillation (AF), maximal exercise testing with continuous electrocardiographic acquisition was performed in 10 patients with chronic AF (mean age 66 +/- 4 years) and 10 subjects in normal sinus rhythm (mean age 31 +/- 6 years).(More)