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Although MK886 was originally identified as an inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase activating protein (FLAP), recent data demonstrate that this activity does not underlie its ability to induce apoptosis [Datta, Biswal and Kehrer (1999) Biochem. J. 340, 371--375]. Since FLAP is a fatty-acid binding protein, it is conceivable that MK886 may affect other such(More)
It has long been known that excessive mitotic activity due to H-Ras can block keratinocyte differentiation and cause skin cancer. It is not clear whether there are any innate surveillants that are able to ensure that keratinocytes undergo terminal differentiation, preventing the disease. IKKalpha induces keratinocyte terminal differentiation, and its(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors that strongly influence molecular events in normal and cancer cells. PPAR-beta/delta (PPAR-b/d) overexpression suppresses the activity of PPAR-gamma (PPAR-g) and PPAR-alpha. This interaction has been questioned, however, by studies with synthetic ligands of PPARs in PPAR-b/d-null(More)
IKK (I kappaB kinase) alpha is essential for embryonic skin development in mice. Mice deficient in IKKalpha display markedly hyperplasic epidermis that lacks terminal differentiation, and they die because of this severely impaired skin. However, the function of IKKalpha in human skin diseases remains largely unknown. To shed light on the role of IKKalpha in(More)
The tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate and the antileukemic agent mezerein are diterpene esters of plant origin with certain structural similarities. Both compounds, when applied topically to mouse skin, were equipotent on a molar basis in inducing hyperplasia, inflammation, and ornithine decarboxylase activity, as well as in reducing(More)
Three laboratory experiments involving students' behavior and brain imaging and one randomized field experiment in a college physics class explored the importance of physical experience in science learning. We reasoned that students' understanding of science concepts such as torque and angular momentum is aided by activation of sensorimotor brain systems(More)
Epidemiological and dietary studies suggest that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce the risk of colon cancer, possibly through a mechanism involving inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, which is overexpressed in premalignant adenomatous polyps and colon cancer. Because ultraviolet light (UV) can induce COX-2 and nonspecific NSAIDs can(More)
To determine the function and mechanism of action of the 8S-lipoxygenase (8-LOX) product of arachidonic acid, 8S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (8S-HETE), which is normally synthesized only after irritation of the epidermis, transgenic mice with 8-LOX targeted to keratinocytes through the use of a loricrin promoter were generated. Histological analyses showed(More)
Testosterone is necessary for the development of male pattern baldness, known as androgenetic alopecia (AGA); yet, the mechanisms for decreased hair growth in this disorder are unclear. We show that prostaglandin D(2) synthase (PTGDS) is elevated at the mRNA and protein levels in bald scalp compared to haired scalp of men with AGA. The product of PTGDS(More)
The goal of this study was to compare the response of mouse epidermal keratinocytes (MEKs) and human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs) to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) with respect to the activation and downregulation of protein kinase C (PKC), the expression of c-jun and c-fos, and the expression and induction of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC)(More)