To the Editor: Because methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been identified in retail meat worldwide (1–4), the potential exists for its transmission to humans. Of the various meat products surveyed, pork had the highest contamination rate in the United States and Canada (1,2), as did beef in Korea (3) and poultry in the Netherlands (4).… (More)
Antimicrobial resistance in gram-positive bacteria is a continuing problem resulting in significant morbidity, mortality, and cost. Because of this resistance, new antimicrobial agents have been needed. Quinupristin-dalfopristin is a recently approved agent for treatment of these infections. Shortly after its introduction into clinical medicine, resistance… (More)
A multiplex PCR procedure for detecting the aminoglycoside resistance genes aac(6')-Ie-aph(2")-Ia, aph(2")-Ib, aph(2")-Ic, aph(2")-Id, aph(3')-IIIa, and ant(4')-Ia was evaluated and found to determine accurately the presence of these genes in enterococci.
BACKGROUND Reports have found a link between vancomycin treatment failure in methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infections (BSIs) and higher vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), despite MICs being below the susceptibility breakpoint of 2 μg/mL. Consensus guidelines recommend considering use of alternative agents… (More)
BACKGROUND We sought to characterize the clinical and molecular epidemiologic characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus colonization (especially extranasal colonization) and to determine the extent to which community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has emerged in community nursing homes. METHODS The study enrolled a total of 213… (More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance in enterococci from animal farms and the potential relation of resistance to antimicrobial use. METHODS Enterococci from faecal samples from 18 beef cattle, 18 dairy cattle, 18 swine, 13 chicken, and eight turkey farms were prospectively evaluated over a 6 year period from 1998 to 2003.… (More)
OBJECTIVES With the recent emergence of vancomycin-resistant (VR) Staphylococcus aureus, subsequent to the suggested transfer of the vanA resistance gene from Enterococcus faecalis, we sought to determine risk factors for acquisition of VR E. faecalis and to evaluate the molecular epidemiology of this less-prevalent and less-studied species of VR… (More)
criteria, and exclusion criteria available from the author). The quality of these studies is quite variable, and quality is certainly more important than quantity. Most trials of the newer agents were designed and funded by industry. In general, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin have been studied in patient populations with more severe illnesses, including… (More)