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Currently, the most widely used criteria for assessing response to therapy in high-grade gliomas are based on two-dimensional tumor measurements on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in conjunction with clinical assessment and corticosteroid dose (the Macdonald Criteria). It is increasingly apparent that there are significant(More)
PURPOSE To determine the antitumor efficacy and safety profile of temozolomide in patients with malignant astrocytoma at first relapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS This open-label, multicenter, phase II trial enrolled 162 patients (intent-to-treat [ITT] population). After central histologic review, 111 patients were confirmed to have had an anaplastic(More)
PURPOSE The prognostic role of extent of resection (EOR) of low-grade gliomas (LGGs) is a major controversy. We designed a retrospective study to assess the influence of EOR on long-term outcomes of LGGs. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study population (N = 216) included adults undergoing initial resection of hemispheric LGG. Region-of-interest analysis was(More)
OBJECT Seizures play an important role in the clinical presentation and postoperative quality of life of patients who undergo surgical resection of low-grade gliomas (LGGs). The aim of this study was to identify factors that influenced perioperative seizure characteristics and postoperative seizure control. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND The prediction of clinical behavior, response to therapy, and outcome of infiltrative glioma is challenging. On the basis of previous studies of tumor biology, we defined five glioma molecular groups with the use of three alterations: mutations in the TERT promoter, mutations in IDH, and codeletion of chromosome arms 1p and 19q (1p/19q(More)
PURPOSE Phase I: To determine the maximum tolerated doses, toxicities, and pharmacokinetics of imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) in patients with malignant gliomas taking enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAED) or not taking EIAED. Phase II: To determine the therapeutic efficacy of imatinib. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Phase I component used an interpatient dose(More)
Growth retardation affects about a third of children younger than age 5 years in developing countries and is associated with poor development. Previously, we did a trial of nutritional supplementation and psychosocial stimulation in stunted children aged 9-24 months. Non-stunted children were also assessed. Both types of intervention improved development.(More)
PURPOSE Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and members of the Akt pathway have been shown to promote cell proliferation, survival, and resistance to radiation. This study was conducted to determine whether any of these markers are associated with survival time and response to radiation in glioblastoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression(More)
PURPOSE Temozolomide (TMZ) and 13-cis-retinoic acid (cRA) have shown activity in prior single-agent trials of recurrent malignant gliomas (MG). This phase II trial evaluated efficacy and toxicity of combination temozolomide and cRA treatment in recurrent MG. PATIENTS AND METHODS Adults with recurrent supratentorial MG for whom surgery, radiation, and/or(More)
UNLABELLED Activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in glioblastoma (GBM) occurs through mutations or deletions in the extracellular (EC) domain. Unlike lung cancers with EGFR kinase domain (KD) mutations, GBMs respond poorly to the EGFR inhibitor erlotinib. Using RNAi, we show that GBM cells carrying EGFR EC mutations display EGFR(More)