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Certain forms of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] are known respiratory carcinogens that induce a broad spectrum of DNA damage. Cr(VI)-carcinogenesis may be initiated or promoted through several mechanistic processes including, the intracellular metabolic reduction of Cr(VI) producing chromium species capable of interacting with DNA to yield genotoxic and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammation is implicated in the development of several human cancers, including lung cancer. Certain particulate hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds are well-documented human respiratory carcinogens that release genotoxic soluble chromate and are associated with fibrosis, fibrosarcomas, adenocarcinomas, and squamous cell carcinomas(More)
Certain hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI))-containing compounds are recognized occupational human lung carcinogens and may pose an environmental health risk. The carcinogenicity of Cr(VI) is targeted to particulate forms of moderate to low solubility. Soluble Cr(VI) oxyanions in the immediate cellular microenvironment traverse the cell membrane by non-specific(More)
The comparative rate of formation of lithocholic acid from chenodeoxycholic acid and its 7 beta epimer, ursodeoxycholic acid, was studied in human subjects and in a rhesus monkey. [24-14C]Chenodeoxycholic acid and [24-14C]ursodeoxycholic acid were incubated in vitro, under anaerobic conditions, in fecal samples from 7 control and 7 asymptomatic gallstone(More)
Irinotecan (CPT-11) and its active metabolite, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38), are believed to be reabsorbed by intestinal cells and to enter the entero-hepatic circulation, but there is little information to date. Our objective was to investigate the intestinal transport of CPT-11 and SN-38 in correlation with their associated cytotoxicity. Using(More)
Certain hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds are implicated as occupational respiratory carcinogens. Cr(VI) induces a broad spectrum of DNA damage, but Cr(VI)-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) have not been reported. Previously we found that Cr(VI) activates the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase. ATM is activated specifically in response to(More)
Although the cholesterol pool in the central nervous system is considered to be relatively stable, few studies have tested this assumption. The aim of the study was to gain further information on the communication between the extracerebral organs and the brain as far as cholesterol and lipoprotein transport are concerned. Receptor-dependent as well as(More)
Certain particulate hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds are human respiratory carcinogens that release genotoxic soluble chromate, and are associated with fibrosis, fibrosarcomas, adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas of the lung. We postulate that inflammatory processes and mediators may contribute to the etiology of Cr(VI) carcinogenesis,(More)
Characteristics of the binding of lithocholic acid (LC), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDC), and cholic acid to human plasma proteins were studied. Affinity of the different plasma protein fractions for the bile acids studied decreased with increased polarity of the steroid nucleus of the bile acid. Binding of LC, CDC, and cholic acid to the lipoprotein-free,(More)
  • Richard Roehrkasse, Dr. Hans Fromm, Mauro Malavolti, Anand K. Tunuguntla, Susan Ceryak
  • 1986
Sixteen patients with radiolucent gallstones were treated with a combination of chenodeoxycholic and ursodeoxycholic acids for an average of 19 months. Liver tests remained normal in all patients. In nine of 15 patients (60%), in whom the gallbladder visualized during an oral cholecystogram, gallstones dissolved after one year, in eight of them, partially,(More)