Susan M. Bowyer

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Clarification of the cortical mechanisms underlying auditory sensory gating may advance our understanding of brain dysfunctions associated with schizophrenia. To this end, data from nine epilepsy patients who participated in an auditory paired-click paradigm during pre-surgical evaluation and had grids of electrodes covering temporal and frontal lobe were(More)
Magnetoencephalography recordings were made on 27 patients with localization related epilepsy during two different language tasks involving semantic and phonological processing (verb generation and picture naming). These patients underwent the semi-invasive intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP), also referred to as the Wada test, to determine the(More)
A variety of techniques are available for imaging magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data to the corresponding cortical structures. Each performs a functional optimization that includes mathematical and physical restrictions on source activity. Unlike other imaging techniques, MR-FOCUSS (Multi-Resolution FOCal Underdetermined System Solution) utilizes a wavelet(More)
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings were made on 25 native English-speaking patients with localization-related epilepsy during a semantic language task (verb generation). Eighteen right-handed subjects with normal reading ability had MEG scans performed during the same language task. MEG data was analyzed by MR-FOCUSS, a current density imaging(More)
PURPOSE This study examines whether magnetoencephalographic (MEG) coherence imaging is more sensitive than the standard single equivalent dipole (ECD) model in lateralizing the site of epileptogenicity in patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS An archival review of ECD MEG analyses of 30 presurgical patients with TLE was(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the main cortical regions related to maximal spindle activity of sleep stage 2 in healthy individual subjects during a brief morning nap using magnetoencephalography (MEG). Eight volunteers (mean age: 26.1 +/- 8.7, six women) all right handed, free of any medical psychiatric or sleep disorders were studied. Whole-head(More)
This neuroimaging study investigated the neural mechanisms of the effect of conversation on visual event detection during a driving-like scenario. The static load paradigm, established as predictive of visual reaction time in on-road driving, measured reaction times to visual events while subjects watched a real-world driving video. Behavioral testing with(More)
OBJECTIVES Threshold for generation of magnetophosphenes has been reported to be lower in migraine. We compared the threshold for eliciting phosphenes by transcranial magnetic stimulation and the ability to visually trigger headache in a select group of individuals with migraine with and without aura to normal controls. METHODS Transcranial magnetic(More)
Currents produced during spreading cortical depression (SCD) in a gyrencephalic species (swine) were studied with magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electrocorticography (ECoG). SCD, initiated using electrical stimulation of the cortex, was constrained to propagate within a rectangular cortical strip in order to simplify the interpretation of the underlying(More)
Auditory and somatosensory responses to paired stimuli were investigated for commonality of frontal activation that may be associated with gating using magnetoencephalography (MEG). A paired stimulus paradigm for each sensory evoked study tested right and left hemispheres independently in ten normal controls. MR-FOCUSS, a current density technique, imaged(More)