Susan M. Blanchard

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Digital sampling of cardiac electrograms and electrocardiograms is usually performed by sampling at uniform intervals with rates high enough to record the fastest signal components. Numerous redundant samples are recorded during slower deflections and baseline intervals, particularly for direct cardiac measurements that include fast Purkinje deflections. In(More)
Advancements in medicine and health care are being significantly influenced by the exploding information technology developments. The IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine will address the applications and the infrastructure innovations that would harness biomedical and health care programs in the 21st century.
Nearly 80% of patients with coronary artery disease who have map-directed surgery for control of ventricular tachycardias require no drug therapy to prevent recurrences, while fewer than 50% of patients undergoing catheter ablation have similar outcomes. Catheter ablation will fail if arrhythmogenic sites are incompletely ablated by lesions that are too(More)
Six possible explanations for why some biphasic waveforms have lower defibrillation thresholds than monophasic waveforms of the same duration are as follows: (1) the impedance for the second phase of the biphasic shock is very low because electrode polarization develops during the first phase; (2) the large change in voltage between the first and second(More)
Biotelemetry was used to acquire electrocardiograms (ECG) and temperature measurements in a study of male broilers at risk for sudden death syndrome (SDS), a fatal condition that may have underlying cardiovascular mechanisms. Day-old (Day 1) Arbor Acres x Arbor Acres male chicks were randomly assigned to two different diets: control (Diet A) and one that(More)
Eighteen dogs underwent transmural left ventricular biopsies for adenosine triphosphate and suturing of the noncoronary cusp, creating valvular aortic stenosis. Three months after aortic stenosis and the subsequent development of left ventricular hypertrophy, animals underwent repeat transmural left ventricular biopsies followed by total myocardial ischemia(More)
Cardiac activation sequences are normally determined by (i) the detection and timing of local activations in cardiac electrograms, (ii) the grouping together of activations in different electrodes that are generated by the same activation fronts, and (iii) the construction by interpolation of isochronal maps showing the pathways of the activation fronts.(More)
Isochronal maps of cardiac activation are commonly used to study the mechanisms and to guide the ablative therapies of arrhythmias. Little has been written about the assumptions implicit in the construction and use of isochronal cardiac maps. These assumptions include the following: (1) the location of the recording electrodes is known with sufficient(More)