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D ESCRI PTI ON : The matrix (n X m) is assumed to be stored, column by column, in the one-dimensional array A, of length m X n. Then the position J1 of the element aii is A(J1) where J1 = n X (j-l) + i. This element must be moved to the position J2 of the element a~ which is given by J2 = m X (i-1) + j and these two locations are related by the expression(More)
The use of complex data structures in most common languages is often unnecessarily confusing to all but the most experienced programmers. ATOL has been designed to include a variety of data structures in a way that is both simple to understand and easy to handle, yet sufficiently general and powerful for a wide range of applications. The syntax of the(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine reference intervals (RIs) for sperm-bound immunoglobulins G and A (IgG and IgA), prevalence of antisperm antibodies (ASAs) in satisfactory and nonsatisfactory breeders, and association between ASAs and semen quality in beef bulls. It was hypothesized that ASA binding differed with breeding soundness(More)
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