Susan L Strobl

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PURPOSE We performed a phase I trial to determine whether in vivo expansion of activated CD4+ T cells was possible in cancer patients. 111Indium labeling was used to observe trafficking patterns of the infused stimulated CD4+ T cells. The influence of cyclophosphamide (CTX) dosing on immunologic outcome was also examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients(More)
We have recently described molecular changes in T cells from tumor-bearing patients that are associated with depressed immune function. The present work investigates changes in T-cell signal transduction proteins including the T-cell receptor-zeta (TCR-zeta) chain and receptor-associated tyrosine kinases in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma. A(More)
Testing freshly isolated PBMC is not practical for immune monitoring analysis in large clinical trials or natural history studies. Thus, cryopreserved PBMC represent a more practical alternative. However, cell clumping is a common problem following thawing of PBMC isolated from blood that was previously transported and stored. Cell clumping leads to loss of(More)
Background: The interferon-γ (IFN-γ) ELISPOT assay is one of the most useful techniques for immunological monitoring of cancer vaccine trials and has gained increased application as a measure of specific T cell activation. However, it does not assess cell-mediated cytotoxicity directly as IFN-γ secretion is not limited to only cytolytic cells. Granzyme B(More)
Comprehensive evaluation of cell-mediated cytotoxicity is very important, especially in the clinical setting, when a surrogate immunologic endpoint that correlates with a clinical outcome needs to be defined. With the objective of simultaneously evaluating target cell death and effector cell frequency, the authors combined the measuring of the expression of(More)
BACKGROUND: The desired outcome of cancer vaccination is to induce a potent T cell response which can specifically recognize and eliminate autologous tumor cells in vivo. Accordingly, immunological assays that demonstrate recognition of native tumor cells (tumor-specific) may be more clinically relevant than assays that demonstrate recognition of tumor(More)
The effect of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta) on activation-induced CD8+ T cell cytotoxicity and gene expression was investigated. TGF-beta was demonstrated to inhibit pore-forming protein (PFP) mRNA expression and total benzoyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine thiobenzyl ester esterase activity in CD8+ T cells cultured with IL-2 and OKT3 mAb for 6 to 18(More)
Background: This study assessed the Granzyme B (GrB) ELISPOT as a viable alternative to the 51 Cr-release assay for measuring cytotoxic activity of innate immune effector cells. We strategically selected the GrB ELISPOT assay because GrB is a hallmark effector molecule of cell-mediated destruction of target cells.
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen presenting cells reported to undergo irreversible functional 'maturation' in response to inflammatory signals such as TNF-alpha. The current paradigm holds that this DC maturation event is required for full functional capacity and represents terminal differentiation of this cell type, culminating in apoptotic cell(More)
Granzyme B (GrB) is present in the granules of cytolytic lymphocytes and is a key mediator of cell-mediated target cell death via the granule-mediated pathway. The release of GrB can be used as an indicator of a cytotoxic T lymphocyte response. Herein, we report that the GrB enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT) can be used to measure ex vivo(More)