Susan L. Pietropaolo

Learn More
Islet cell autoantigen of 69 kDa (ICA69) is a cytosolic protein of still unknown function. Involvement of ICA69 in neurosecretion has been suggested by the impairment of acetylcholine release at neuromuscular junctions upon mutation of its homologue gene ric-19 in C. elegans. In this study, we have further investigated the localization of ICA69 in neurons(More)
In light of an occurring growth of elderly people affected by type 2 diabetes and recent observations indicating that type 2 diabetes may be a disease of the innate immune system, we evaluated whether signs of islet cell autoimmunity are associated with an abnormal glucose control, the presence of insulin requirement, or an activation of the acute-phase(More)
The classification of diabetes mellitus into 2 main types, defined as Type 1 and 2 diabetes (T1DM, T2DM) relies mostly on the requirement of insulin therapy and on the presence of detectable immunologic abnormalities. However, this distinction is far from straightforward and there is considerable overlap between these 2 types of diabetes. Islet cell(More)
ICA69 (islet cell autoantigen 69 kDa) is a protein implicated in type 1 diabetes mellitus in both the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model and humans. ICA69 is encoded by the Ica1 gene on mouse chromosome 6 A1-A2. We previously reported reduced ICA69 expression in the thymus of NOD mice compared with thymus of several non-diabetic mouse strains. We propose(More)
The discovery of islet cell antibodies (ICAs) was the prelude to the understanding that type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic autoimmune disease. The issue regarding whether or not the measurement of ICAs should be completely replaced by biochemical markers detecting islet autoantibodies (AAs) for the prediction of T1DM has been the subject of(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether antigenic determinants localized within the extracellular domain of the neuroendocrine autoantigen tyrosine phosphatase-like protein IA-2 are targets of humoral responses in type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Previous studies indicated that the immunodominant region of IA-2 is localized within its intracellular(More)
Islet cell autoantigen 69-kDa (ICA69), protein product of the human ICA1 gene, is one target of the immune processes defining the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes. We have characterized the genomic structure and functional promoters within the 5'-regulatory region of ICA1. 5'-RNA ligase-mediated rapid amplification of cDNA ends evaluation of ICA1 transcripts(More)
There is evidence that insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) may develop in association with other non-beta-cell-specific autoimmune diseases. We aimed to assess whether autoantibodies to the islet cell antigens glutamic acid decarboxylase (Mr 65,000 isoform) (GAD65) and ICA512(IA-2), present alone or in combination, are limited to IDDM or also occur(More)
Circulating autoantibodies (Ab) to islet autoantigens, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD(65)), and tyrosine phosphatase ICA512/IA-2 have been proposed as predictive markers of type 1 diabetes mellitus. To ascertain residual beta-cell function and the clinical relevance for monitoring autoimmunity after clinical manifestation of disease, we studied 63(More)
CONTEXT Factors common to multiple autoimmune diseases have been sought vigorously. Graves' disease (GD) and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) involve end-organ remodeling. Fibrocytes participate in inflammatory diseases and were recently shown to express thyroid-specific proteins such as the thyrotropin receptor and thyroglobulin. OBJECTIVE The objective(More)