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OBJECTIVE To use functional MRI (fMRI) to investigate whether hippocampal activation during a memory task can predict cognitive decline in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS 25 older individuals with MCI performed a visual scene encoding task during fMRI scanning, and were followed clinically for at least 4 years after scanning. A(More)
The ability to spontaneously recall recently learned information is a fundamental mnemonic activity of daily life, but has received little study using functional neuroimaging. We developed a functional MRI (fMRI) paradigm to study regional brain activity during encoding that predicts free recall. In this event-related fMRI study, ten lists of fourteen(More)
BACKGROUND Functional MRI (fMRI) has shown promise as a tool to characterize altered brain function in Alzheimer disease (AD) and for use in proof of concept clinical trials. FMRI studies of subjects with AD have demonstrated altered hippocampal and neocortical activation while encoding novel stimuli compared to older controls. However, the relationship(More)
We describe a percutaneous approach for cerebral surgical access. After lumbar puncture, the spinal subarachnoid space was traversed by using standard angiographic guidewire techniques until the introducer catheters were in the intracranial space. Under fluoroscopic guidance, the intracranial subarachnoid space was navigated, and the ventricular system(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hypothermia has been shown to be beneficial in the setting of acute SCI. However, widespread use has been hindered by the need for systemic hypothermia as the vehicle for achieving spinal cord hypothermia. This study demonstrates that localized spinal cord hypothermia can be achieved via a percutaneous approach while maintaining(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous animal models for spinal cord injury required laminectomy and exposure of the spinal cord to create direct trauma, compromising imaging by both surgical artifact and the nature of the production of the injury. Our purpose was to study a model that uses percutaneous intraspinal navigation with an angioplasty balloon, providing(More)
A percutaneous technique for visualizing sacral nerve roots is described. A fiberscope was inserted into the subarachnoid space through a sheath that was inserted via a percutaneous lumbar puncture. The sacral nerve roots were identified with endoscopic visualization and x-ray fluoroscopy localization of the endoscope. These images were compared with those(More)
Choroidal osteomas are benign, juxtapapillary, choroidal tumors that mandate no treatment. They occur predominantly in young (median age, 20 years) females (90%). While ophthalmoscopy and fluorescein angiography reveal suggestive ophthalmic findings, echography, plain radiography, and especially computed tomography (CT) are important in establishing the(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic third ventriculostomy has developed into a therapeutic alternative to shunting for the management of carefully selected patients with primarily noncommunicating hydrocephalus. This procedure, however, requires a general anesthetic and necessitates violation of the brain parenchyma and manipulation near vital neural structures to access(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this paper was to demonstrate the usefulness of various fiberoptic endoscopes for percutaneous intraspinal navigation of the spinal canal, posterior fossa, and ventricular system. METHODS Fresh, unembalmed cadavers were used, in which lumbar punctures were made for access to the subarachnoid space (in the case of larger [3.8- and(More)