Susan L. Lightman

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Both cutaneous and uveal melanoma undergo haematogenous dissemination. Detection of tyrosinase mRNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) has been described as an extremely sensitive way of detecting circulating viable melanoma cells in the peripheral venous blood, and this technique may be of value in the early detection of(More)
PURPOSE Uveal melanoma is the most common intraocular malignancy in adults and can cause loss of vision in the affected eye and death from metastasis, usually to the liver. The techniques currently used to detect cellular dissemination from the tumor are inadequate, and lack the sensitivity required for the detection of low levels of melanocytes in the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of a single treatment with dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX implant) on patient-reported visual functioning in patients with noninfectious intermediate or posterior uveitis. METHODS Patient eyes with noninfectious intermediate or posterior uveitis were randomized to a single treatment with DEX implant 0.70 mg (n=77),(More)
PURPOSE To determine the association between 17 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, lymphotoxin-alpha, and the TNF-receptors genes (TNF, LTA, and TNFRSF1A and -B) and idiopathic acute anterior uveitis (IAU) and to investigate their association with HLA-B27 and/or the development of visually significant complications. (More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine levels of IL-2, -4, -5, -10, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma in aqueous humor (AH) from patients with active panuveitis, anterior uveitis (AU), and noninflammatory controls by using a flow cytometric mutiplex array (CBA) and to compare with results from ELISA. METHODS Pooled normal AH was spiked with six(More)
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) have been demonstrated to be immunomodulatory for human immune-mediated disease and in experimental models. The aim of this study was to compare statin-mediated immunosuppressive effects on human T-cell responses in vitro with those of conventional immunosuppressives (dexamethasone, cyclosporin A (CsA), mycophenolate,(More)
PURPOSE The predisposition to sarcoidosis, a systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology, is genetically determined, and genetics appears also to drive the disease down distinct phenotypic pathways. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that sarcoidosis-related uveitis represents a genetically distinct disease subset, by investigating(More)
PURPOSE Chemokines are important inflammatory mediators that play a crucial role in uveitis. Polymorphisms in chemokine genes can alter the expression of these genes in the inflammatory cells, which, in turn, can affect the clinical phenotype of the disease. The purpose of this study was to identify polymorphisms in chemokine genes that can predict visual(More)
There is no consensus on the optimal antiviral regimen in the management of acute retinal necrosis, a disease caused by herpetic viruses with devastating consequences for the eye. The current gold standard is based on retrospective case series. Because the incidence of disease is low, few well-designed, randomized trials have evaluated treatment dosage and(More)
Using CM-1 antibody directed against the human p53 protein, high levels of mutant p53 protein expression were found in 12 out of 18 malignant choroidal melanomas. In contrast, we failed to observe elevated p53 expression, indicating the absence of p53 mutation in seven choroidal naevi, a potentially premalignant condition that can progress to form malignant(More)