Susan L. Grant

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Emerging evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species are important regulators of vascular function. Although NAD(P)H oxidases have been implicated as major sources of superoxide in the vessel wall, the molecular identity of these proteins remains unclear. We recently cloned nox1 (formerly mox-1), a member of a new family of gp91(phox) homologues, and(More)
Endogenously produced reactive oxygen species are important for intracellular signaling mechanisms leading to vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth. It is therefore critical to define the potential enzymatic sources of ROS and their regulation by agonists in VSMCs. Previous studies have investigated O2*- production using lucigenin-enhanced(More)
We have recently described the action of Oncostatin M (OSM) to inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells. In this study we examined the action of OSM on 2 breast cancer cell lines to further characterize the nature of OSM inhibition of cellular proliferation. Treatment with OSM for 6 days resulted in an approximately 2- to 5-fold decrease in cell(More)
The effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) are mediated primarily by Ang II type 1 receptors, which in turn are coupled to heterotrimeric G proteins. After receptor activation, the G(alpha) and G(betagamma) subunits dissociate, contributing to the signaling cascades involving protein kinase C (PKC) activation. Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS proteins)(More)
OBJECTIVE In murine and rat cardiac myocytes the gp130 system transduces survival as well as hypertrophic signals and via induction of the expression of the potent angiogenic factor VEGF in these cells also indirectly contributes to cardiac repair processes through the development of new blood vessels. There are, however, species differences in receptor(More)
Oncostatin M (OSM) is a member of the interleukin 6 (IL-6) family of cytokines and was originally identified by its ability to inhibit proliferation of melanoma cells but augment the growth of normal fibroblasts. OSM has pleiotropic effects on many different cell types, but here we focus on its ability to inhibit the proliferation of cell lines derived from(More)
Oncostatin M (OSM), an interleukin-6 type cytokine, acts via the gp130 signaling receptor to inhibit proliferation and induce differentiation of breast cancer cells. EGF, a mitogen for breast cells, signals via EGFR/ErbB tyrosine kinase receptors which are implicated in breast cancer pathogenesis. Here we show paradoxically that EGF enhanced the OSM-induced(More)
Purpose: Peripheral neuropathy caused by the anticancer agents cisplatin and paclitaxel is a significant dose-limiting toxicity of these drugs. The growth factor leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) has neuroprotectant activity in preclinical models of nerve injury and degeneration and is now in a phase II trial in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy(More)
We have previously reported the inhibitory effects of oncostatin M (OSM) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) on the proliferation of breast cancer cell lines. In this study, we examined the action of OSM and LIF on normal, non-malignant human breast epithelial cells (HBECs). We demonstrated expression of three components of the OSM receptor; gp130, the(More)
Since EGF causes diuresis through a renal action and may antagonize the hydroosmotic effect of AVP in vitro we investigated the antagonistic action of EGF with AVP in vivo and the mechanism of the antagonism in vitro. Conscious ewes received i.m. injections of a selective AVP V2-receptor agonist (1-desamino, D-Arg8 vasopressin acetate, DDAVP) every 12 hours(More)