Susan L Foad

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BACKGROUND The nationwide incidence of neonatal brachial plexus palsy in the United States is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of this condition in the United States and to identify potential risk factors for neonatal brachial plexus palsy. METHODS Data from the 1997, 2000, and 2003 Kids' Inpatient Database data sets were(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent instability is the most common complication after traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation in young patients. HYPOTHESIS The rate of recurrent instability in a homogeneous population of adolescents after initial traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation is significant and is associated with a guarded prognosis for full recovery. STUDY(More)
BACKGROUND Muscle pathology resulting in internal rotation contractures in children with neonatal brachial plexus palsy places abnormal stresses on the glenohumeral joint and limits global shoulder function. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes in children treated with an arthroscopic release with or without(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies exist with regard to the ability of electromyography (EMG) and volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the infraspinatus muscle to complement the physical assessment of active global shoulder external rotation (GER) in the neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the(More)
The inherent ability of pediatric metaphyseal radius fractures to heal and remodel made us question the need for immediate anatomic reduction under conscious sedation. We believe that isolated closed distal radius fractures with 15 degrees of angulation and 1 cm of shortening will heal well and remodel completely without clinical or functional sequelae.(More)
The treatment of a displaced type II extension supracondylar humerus fracture is controversial. Many authors recommend that all displaced type II fractures be surgically pinned. The purpose of this study was to determine the success of reduction and casting (without pinning) in maintaining the alignment of type II fractures. Of the 25 elbows that underwent(More)
PURPOSE The spontaneous recovery rate of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) is often cited as 75-95%. However, recent reports have found the recovery rate to be much lower. The purpose of this study was to perform an evidence-based review aimed at summarizing the available English language information regarding prognosis following NBPP based on the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if children presenting with a chief complaint of back pain at a pediatric orthopedic office attribute their pain to wearing a heavy backpack. A retrospective medical records search was performed to identify school-age patients with back pain. Of the 346 patients included in this study, only 1 child attributed back(More)
Recent reports in the medical literature indicate that certain racial disparities have been identified in healthcare. The authors sought to identify the potential relationship between the use of pain medications in African-American and Caucasian children undergoing forearm fracture reduction. This retrospective cohort study was performed at a(More)