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Colon adenocarcinomas are known to express elevated levels of alpha2-6 sialylation and increased activity of ST6Gal-I, the Golgi glycosyltransferase that creates alpha2-6 linkages. Elevated ST6Gal-I positively correlates with metastasis and poor survival, and therefore ST6Gal-I-mediated hypersialylation likely plays a role in colorectal tumor invasion.(More)
Tumor cells exhibit striking changes in cell surface glycosylation as a consequence of dysregulated glycosyltransferases and glycosidases. In particular, an increase in the expression of certain sialylated glycans is a prominent feature of many transformed cells. Altered sialylation has long been associated with metastatic cell behaviors including invasion(More)
The ST6Gal-I sialyltransferase adds an α2-6-linked sialic acid to the N-glycans of certain receptors. ST6Gal-I mRNA has been reported to be upregulated in human cancer, but a prior lack of antibodies has limited immunochemical analysis of the ST6Gal-I protein. Here, we show upregulated ST6Gal-I protein in several epithelial cancers, including many colon(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian adenocarcinoma is not generally discovered in patients until there has been widespread intraperitoneal dissemination, which is why ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic malignancy. Though incompletely understood, the mechanism of peritoneal metastasis relies on primary tumor cells being able to detach themselves from the tumor,(More)
The recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a vital step in the bone healing process, and hence the functionalization of osteogenic biomaterials with chemotactic factors constitutes an important effort in the tissue engineering field. Previously we determined that bone-mimetic electrospun scaffolds composed of polycaprolactone, collagen I and(More)
PURPOSE Gliomas are the most frequently occurring primary malignancies in the brain, and glioblastoma is the most aggressive of these tumors. Protein kinase CK2 is composed of two catalytic subunits (α and/or α') and two β regulatory subunits. CK2 suppresses apoptosis, promotes neoangiogenesis, and enhances activation of the JAK/STAT, NF-κB, PI3K/AKT,(More)
BACKGROUND Platinum drugs, including cisplatin, are a frontline therapeutic in ovarian cancer treatment and acquired resistance to these agents is a major contributor to ovarian cancer morbidity and mortality. In this study a novel glycosylation-dependent mechanism for cisplatin resistance is described. Specifically, cisplatin-induced cell death is blocked(More)
To elucidate the relationship between L-glutamic acid and the putative chemoreceptor for glutathione, binding of L-[3H]glutamate to a crude membrane fraction from Hydra vulgaris (attenuata) has been characterized. The binding of L-[3H]glutamate was rapid, reversible and saturable. A Scatchard analysis of the specific binding revealed values of 10 microM for(More)
The two major intestinal epithelial cell lineages are columnar fluid-absorbing cells and mucin-producing goblet cells. High levels of transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 are found surrounding postmitotic cells in the colonic crypt, suggesting that TGF-beta1 mediates the maturation and growth inhibition of both epithelial cell types. However, we now show(More)
The performance of biomaterials designed for bone repair depends, in part, on the ability of the material to support the adhesion and survival of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In this study, a nanofibrous bone-mimicking scaffold was electrospun from a mixture of polycaprolactone (PCL), collagen I, and hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles with a dry weight(More)