Susan Kantor

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Significant relationships exist between areal bone mineral density (BMD) derived from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and bone strength. However, the predictive validity of BMD for osteoporotic vertebral fractures remains suboptimal. The diagnostic sensitivity of DXA in the lumbar spine may be improved by assessing BMD from lateral-projection scans,(More)
Analysis of apparent bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spine is commonly based on anteroposterior (AP) scanning using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Although not widely used, clinically important information can also be derived from lateral scanning. Vertebral bone density, and therefore strength, can may vary in different subregions of the(More)
PURPOSE Bone disease and fractures are common with chronic antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study aimed to characterize adverse bone effects of valproate and to identify mouse strains either resistant or sensitive to these effects. METHODS Seven mouse strains (n = 40/strain; 10/diet) were screened(More)
In the clinical environment dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the current tool of first choice for assessing and monitoring skeletal integrity. A major drawback of standard DXA is that the bone mineral density (BMD) data cannot be used with certainty to predict who will sustain a vertebral fracture. However, measurement of BMD within vertebral(More)
OBJECTIVES Chronic treatment with valproate (VPA) is commonly associated with weight gain, which potentially has important health implications, in particular increased central fat distribution. We utilized a VPA-discordant same-sex, twin and matched sibling pair study design to primarily examine for differences in fat distribution between patients with(More)
Although a strong relationship exists between areal bone mineral density (aBMD) derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and bone strength, the predictive validity of aBMD for osteoporotic vertebral fractures remains suboptimal. The diagnostic sensitivity of DXA may be improved by assessing aBMD within vertebral subregions, rather than relying on(More)
Individuals with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis experience vertebral fractures at an increased rate and at higher vertebral areal bone mineral density (aBMD) than individuals with primary osteoporosis. Standard posteroanterior- (PA-) projection dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) lacks the diagnostic sensitivity required for reliable estimation of(More)
The absorption and metabolic disposition of 2% resorcinol applied topically in a hydroalcoholic vehicle was determined in three human subjects. The drug penetrated the skin at a rate of 0.37 micrograms/cm2/hour. After 2 weeks of bid application of 800 mg resorcinol to about 30% of body surface of each subject, an average of 1.64% of the dosage was being(More)