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The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of third-year medical students to evaluate accurately their own level of knowledge and performance of skills associated with anaesthesia. A total of 130 students participated in the project by completing a self-assessment form which was later matched with the corresponding instructors' evaluation.(More)
We were interested in determining the dose-response relationship of atracurium in children (2-10 yr) during nitrous oxide-isoflurane anesthesia (1%) and the atracurium infusion rate required to maintain about 95% neuromuscular blockade during nitrous oxide-halothane (0.8%), nitrous oxide-isoflurane (1%), or nitrous oxide-narcotic anesthesia. Neuromuscular(More)
General anesthesia has been recommended to control convulsive status epilepticus that is refractory to conventional anticonvulsant therapy. Halothane has been the recommended agent, but without experimental justification. Isoflurane, which has no reported organ toxicity and produces electrographic suppression at clinically useful concentrations in normal(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence of, outcome of, and risk factors for anesthesia-related pulmonary aspiration in the predominantly pediatric population receiving anesthesia care. DESIGN Using a clinical concurrent quality assessment system we developed, we used data stored in a custom-designed computerized database to initiate a retrospective(More)
UNLABELLED We compared, in a double-blinded manner, the anesthetic maintenance and recovery properties of remifentanil with a clinically comparable fentanyl-based anesthetic technique in pediatric ambulatory surgical patients. Anesthesia was induced with either halothane or sevoflurane and nitrous oxide and oxygen. Patients were randomized (computer(More)
We determined the dose-response relationships of mivacurium (BW B1090U) in children (2-10 years) during nitrous oxide-halothane anesthesia (0.8% end-tidal) and during nitrous oxide-narcotic anesthesia. Neuromuscular blockade was monitored by recording the electromyographic activity of the adductor pollicis muscle resulting from supramaximal stimulation at(More)
PURPOSE To describe neuromuscular effects of rapacuronium in pediatric patients during N2O-halothane anesthesia and compare them with mivacurium in children. METHODS 103 pediatric patients, seven days -12 yr, received rapacuronium or mivacurium during N2O-halothane anesthesia. Onset and recovery of block were measured using EMG (Datex). Block was compared(More)
ORG-9426 is a new steroidal nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drug. We determined the dose-response relationship of ORG-9426 in 62 children (aged 1-5 yr) during nitrous oxide-halothane anesthesia by means of log-probit transformation and least-squares linear regression of the initial dose and response. Twelve additional patients received a bolus of 600(More)
The pharmacokinetics of atracurium were studied in infants and children anaesthetized with isoflurane and nitrous oxide in oxygen. There were no significant differences in volume of distribution (area) (139 v. 152 ml kg-1), clearance (5.1 v. 5.3 ml kg-1 min-1), T1/2 alpha (2.1 v. 2.0 min), or T1/2 beta (19.1 v. 20.3 min) between children with normal hepatic(More)
The neuromuscular and cardiovascular effects of mivacurium were studied in 90 adult patients during nitrous oxide-oxygen-isoflurane (n = 45, ISO group) and nitrous oxide-oxygen-narcotic (n = 45, BAL group) anesthesia. Neuromuscular blockade was measured using electromyographic activity of the adductor pollicis muscle after supramaximal stimulation of the(More)