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CONTEXT As the availability of and demand for genetic testing for hereditary cancers increases in primary care and other clinical settings, alternative or adjunct educational methods to traditional genetic counseling will be needed. OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of a computer-based decision aid with standard genetic counseling for educating women(More)
PURPOSE This study examines the impact of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) genetic test results on psychological outcomes among cancer-affected and -unaffected participants up to 1 year after results disclosure. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 155 persons completed study measures before HNPCC genetic testing, and at 2 weeks and 6 and 12(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical factors associated with choosing prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) over surveillance in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. METHODS Between 1996 and 2005, 139 women who tested positive for a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation were identified. Thirty-three women were excluded due to a(More)
Little is known about how hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) genetic counseling and testing information is communicated within at-risk families. This article describes findings from a qualitative study of 39 adult members from five families with known HNPCC-predisposing mutations. We evaluated how information from HNPCC genetic counseling and(More)
Hereditary cancers are relational diseases. A primary focus of research in the past has been the biological relations that exist within the families and how genes are passed along family lines. However, hereditary cancers are relational in a psychosocial sense, as well. They can impact communication relationships within a family, as well as support(More)
BACKGROUND Women who are at increased risk for breast and ovarian cancers, especially BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers, face a myriad of risk-reduction options, including increased surveillance, chemoprevention, prophylactic oophorectomy, and prophylactic mastectomy. However, little is known about which clinical, demographic, or cancer-related factors are(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined beliefs, attitudes, and personal characteristics that correlated with self-reported cervical cancer screening history among Hispanic women aged 18 to 25 years old in El Paso, TX, a large metropolitan area on the U.S.-Mexico border. METHODS Data were collected through a cross-sectional, face-to-face survey. The study(More)
In this article the authors describe the demographic and psychosocial correlates of 2 measures of psychologic distress among 200 colorectal cancer patients undergoing genetic testing for hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer. The prevalence of symptoms of depression on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale was 24%. In multivariate(More)
PURPOSE Patients seeking genetic testing for inherited breast cancer risk are typically educated by genetic counselors; however, the growing demand for cancer genetic testing will likely exceed the availability of counselors trained in this area. We compared the effectiveness of counseling alone versus counseling preceded by use of a computer-based decision(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with a sibling who has had colorectal cancer diagnosed before age 61 are at increased risk for colorectal cancer and may derive particular benefit from screening. Tailored interventions may increase participation in appropriate colorectal cancer screening. PURPOSE This study evaluated the efficacy of two tailored interventions and a(More)