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Ornithine decarboxylase, a critical regulatory enzyme for polyamine biosynthesis, is highly inducible by growth-promoting stimuli in mouse epidermis but the enzyme level is only transiently elevated due to rapid turnover of the protein. Here we report that constitutive overexpression of the enzyme in the skin of transgenic mice causes several phenotypic(More)
Polyamines stimulate expression of a variety of genes, including many implicated in cell proliferation. Indeed, aberrant expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, plays a causal role in tumorigenesis. Gene activity is influenced by dynamic changes in acetylation of nucleosomal histones. Although(More)
The essential requirement for polyamines for normal cell growth and differentiation may be partly attributed to their influence on gene expression, a process regulated by the acetylation state of nucleosomal histones. We used transgenic mice to examine the effects of constitutive expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a key rate-limiting enzyme in(More)
To study the effects of de novo induction of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity in adult, quiescent skin, we generated transgenic mice in which the suprabasal expression of an inducible form of the ODC protein fused to a modified estrogen receptor ligand-binding domain (ODCER) is driven by an involucrin promoter. After topical treatment with the(More)
We have shown that ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) overexpression in the skin of TG.AC v-Ha-ras transgenic mice induces the formation of spontaneous skin carcinomas. Treatment of ODC/Ras double transgenic mice with alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a specific inhibitor of ODC enzyme activity, causes a rapid regression of these spontaneous tumors. DFMO(More)
We examined the effect of increased expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a key rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, on cell survival in primary cultures of keratinocytes isolated from the skin of K6/ODC transgenic mice (Ker/ODC) and their normal littermates (Ker/Norm). Although elevated levels of ODC and polyamines stimulate proliferation(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the presence in mouse epidermal tumors of a structurally and functionally altered ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). In this report, the enzymatic properties of ODC from normal human skin and squamous cell carcinomas are examined. Some tumors contained a more heat stable ODC than the enzyme found in normal skin. GTP stimulated(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity was measured in colon adenocarcinomas and adjacent normal-appearing colon mucosa from a total of 40 patients undergoing surgical resections. The enzyme activity was measured in the presence and absence of GTP, since recent work has demonstrated a GTP-activatable form of ODC in some murine and human tumors. In general,(More)
Neuroblastoma is a frequently lethal childhood tumor in which MYC gene deregulation, commonly as MYCN amplification, portends poor outcome. Identifying the requisite biopathways downstream of MYC may provide therapeutic opportunities. We used transcriptome analyses to show that MYCN-amplified neuroblastomas have coordinately deregulated myriad polyamine(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), an important enzyme in the polyamine biosynthetic pathway, is aberrantly regulated in many epithelial tumors of rodents and humans. In murine skin, it has been shown that ODC overexpression provides a sufficient condition for tumor promotion. Therefore, we hypothesized that K6/ODC transgenic mice in which ODC overexpression(More)