Susan K Buchanan

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Integral outer membrane receptors for iron chelates and vitamin B 12 carry out specific ligand transport against a concentration gradient. Energy for active transport is obtained from the proton–motive force of the inner membrane through physical interaction with TonB–ExbB–ExbD, an inner membrane complex. Here we report the crystal structure of an active(More)
TonB-dependent transporters (TBDTs) are bacterial outer membrane proteins that bind and transport ferric chelates, called siderophores, as well as vitamin B(12), nickel complexes, and carbohydrates. The transport process requires energy in the form of proton motive force and a complex of three inner membrane proteins, TonB-ExbB-ExbD, to transduce this(More)
β-barrel membrane proteins are essential for nutrient import, signalling, motility and survival. In Gram-negative bacteria, the β-barrel assembly machinery (BAM) complex is responsible for the biogenesis of β-barrel membrane proteins, with homologous complexes found in mitochondria and chloroplasts. Here we describe the structure of BamA, the central and(More)
Colicin Ia is a 69 kDa protein that kills susceptible Escherichia coli cells by binding to a specific receptor in the outer membrane, colicin I receptor (70 kDa), and subsequently translocating its channel forming domain across the periplasmic space, where it inserts into the inner membrane and forms a voltage-dependent ion channel. We determined crystal(More)
RmpM is a putative peptidoglycan binding protein from Neisseria meningitidis that has been shown to interact with integral outer membrane proteins such as porins and TonB-dependent transporters. Here we report the 1.9 A crystal structure of the C-terminal domain of RmpM. The 150-residue domain adopts a betaalphabetaalphabetabeta fold, as first identified in(More)
Recently solved outer membrane protein structures include the smallest and largest known beta-barrel structures, with functions distinct from the general and specific porins. Both protein expressed in outer membranes and protein deposited as cytoplasmic aggregates have been used for the structure determinations. As most beta-barrel proteins can be(More)
Escherichia coli BamB is the largest of four lipoproteins in the β-barrel assembly machinery (BAM) complex. It interacts with the periplasmic domain of BamA, an integral outer membrane protein (OMP) essential for OMP biogenesis. Although BamB is not essential, it serves an important function in the BAM complex, significantly increasing the folding(More)
Intimins and invasins are virulence factors produced by pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. They contain C-terminal extracellular passenger domains that are involved in adhesion to host cells and N-terminal β domains that are embedded in the outer membrane. Here, we identify the domain boundaries of an E. coli intimin β domain and use this information to(More)
A variety of mechanisms are used to signal extracytoplasmic conditions to the cytoplasm. These mechanisms activate extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factors which recruit RNA-polymerase to specific genes in order to express appropriate proteins in response to the changing environment. The two best understood ECF signaling pathways regulate(More)
TonB-dependent iron transporters reside in the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria, transporting ferric-complexes into the periplasm by a mechanism requiring proton motive force and an integral inner membrane complex, TonB-ExbB-ExbD. Certain TonB-dependent transporters contain an additional domain at the N-terminus, which interacts with an inner(More)