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Multivalent binding proteins, such as the yeast scaffold protein Sterile-5, coordinate the location of kinases by serving as platforms for the assembly of signaling units. Similarly, in mammalian cells the cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and phosphatase 2B [calcineurin (CaN)] are complexed by an A kinase anchoring(More)
We recently cloned a partial cDNA (35H) for a protein kinase C (PKC) binding protein from a rat kidney cDNA library and demonstrated that it is a PKC substrate in vitro (Chapline, C., Ramsay, K., Klauck, T., and Jaken, S. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 6858-6861). Additional library screening and 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends were used to obtain the(More)
Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of various degenerative diseases including cancer. It is now recognized that low levels of oxidants can modify cell-signaling proteins and that these modifications have functional consequences. Identifying the target proteins for redox modification is key to understanding how oxidants mediate pathological(More)
  • S Jaken
  • Current opinion in cell biology
  • 1996
As most cells express more than one type of protein kinase C (PKC), it has been difficult to establish the role of individual PKCs in cellular functions. Isozyme differences in cofactor requirements and subcellular location, in addition to variability in expression of PKCs and substrates among various cell types, are all involved in determining the effects(More)
PURPOSE To define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of the novel protein kinase inhibitor, UCN-01 (7-hydroxystaurosporine), administered as a 72-hour continuous intravenous infusion (CIV). PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-seven patients with refractory neoplasms received UCN-01 during this phase I trial. Total, free plasma, and(More)
Members of the protein kinase C family respond to second messengers and are involved in controlling a broad array of cellular functions. The overlapping specificity and promiscuity of these proteins has promoted the view that specific binding proteins constrain individual family members to create the appropriate specificity of action. It is speculated that(More)
TRH and phorbol dibutyrate (PDBu) stimulate PRL secretion and synthesis from GH4C1 rat pituitary cells through activation of protein kinase C (PKC). TRH responses are mediated by increases in cellular levels of two PKC activators, Ca2+ and diacylglycerol (DAG), whereas PDBu acts as a DAG analog. We conducted experiments to compare the effects of Ca2+ and(More)
We have used immunocytofluorescence techniques to determine the subcellular distribution of the Ca2+, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase, protein kinase C (PKC). Using monoclonal antibodies that are specific for Type 3 (alpha) PKC, we have determined that there are least two pools of PKC in normal rat embryo fibroblasts (REF52 cells): diffuse cytoplasmic(More)
We have used an interaction cloning strategy to isolate cDNAs for sequences that interact with protein kinase C (Chapline, C., Ramsay, K., Klauck, T., and Jaken, S. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268,6858-6861). In this paper, we report a novel sequence, clone 72, isolated according to this method. Clone 72 has a 4.8-kilobase pair open reading frame; antibodies to(More)
In mouse and human epidermis, the Ca2+ environment of the basal cell layer is substantially below serum Ca2+, while that of the granular cell layer is unusually high. Reduction of extracellular Ca2+ concentration (Cao) in the medium of keratinocyte cultures maintains a basal cell phenotype while serum Ca2+ concentrations induce terminal differentiation.(More)