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The New Zealand native legume flora are represented by four genera, Sophora, Carmichaelia, Clianthus, and Montigena. The adventive flora of New Zealand contains several legume species introduced in the 19th century and now established as serious invasive weeds. Until now, nothing has been reported on the identification of the associated rhizobia of native(More)
Extracellular DNA can play a structural role in the microbial environment. Here evidence is presented that an environmental isolate of Acidovorax temperans utilises extracellular DNA for intercellular and cell-surface attachment and that Type IV pili and electrostatic interactions play a role in this interaction. Preliminary attempts to isolate and purify(More)
PIN-domains (homologues of the pilT N-terminal domain) are small protein domains of approximately 140 amino acids. They are found in a diverse range of organisms and recent evidence from bioinformatics, biochemistry, structural biology and microbiology suggest that the majority of the prokaryotic PIN-domain proteins are the toxic components of(More)
Biofilm-based technologies, such as moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) systems, are widely used to treat wastewater. Biofilm development is important for MBBR systems as much of the microbial biomass is retained within reactors as biofilm on suspended carriers. Little is known about this process of biofilm development and the microorganisms upon which MBBRs(More)
We describe a simple method, based on heteroduplex mobility analysis of 16S rDNA fragments, for targeted detection of sub-populations of bacteria within diverse microbial communities. A small (ca. 200 bp) polymorphic fragment of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene was amplified from sample DNA using universal primers. Sample products were hybridised with a(More)
Moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) systems are increasingly used for municipal and industrial wastewater treatment, yet in contrast to activated sludge (AS) systems, little is known about their constituent microbial communities. This study investigated the community composition of two municipal MBBR wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Wellington, New(More)
Antarctic soils represent a unique environment characterised by extremes of temperature, salinity, elevated UV radiation, low nutrient and low water content. Despite the harshness of this environment, members of 15 bacterial phyla have been identified in soils of the Ross Sea Region (RSR). However, the survival mechanisms and ecological roles of these phyla(More)
Butyric acid is released from milk by pre-intestinal lipases during suckling. It is also known to inhibit bacterial growth. To investigate whether butyric acid may be a significant factor in controlling bacterial growth in the stomach of pre-weaned animals, the ability of butyric acid to inhibit growth of selected bacteria was tested over physiological(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the bacterial composition of high latitude soils from the Darwin–Hatherton glacier region of Antarctica. Four soil pits on each of four glacial drift sheets were sampled for chemical and microbial analyses. The four drifts—Hatherton, Britannia, Danum, and Isca—ranged, respectively, from early Holocene (10 ky) to(More)
Molecular techniques were used to investigate the composition and ontogenetic development of the intestinal bacterial community in the marine herbivorous fish Kyphosus sydneyanus from the north eastern coast of New Zealand. Previous work showed that K. sydneyanus maintains an exclusively algivorous diet throughout post-settlement life and passes through an(More)