Susan J. Pickering

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Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) diverts energy from ATP synthesis to thermogenesis in the mitochondria of brown adipose tissue by catalysing a regulated leak of protons across the inner membrane. The functions of its homologues, UCP2 and UCP3, in other tissues are debated. UCP2 and UCP3 are present at much lower abundance than UCP1, and the uncoupling with(More)
This study explored the structure of verbal and visuospatial short-term and working memory in children between ages 4 and 11 years. Multiple tasks measuring 4 different memory components were used to capture the cognitive processes underlying working memory. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the processing component of working memory tasks was(More)
Neuropilins are receptors for class 3 secreted semaphorins, most of which can function as potent repulsive axon guidance cues. We have generated mice with a targeted deletion in the neuropilin-2 (Npn-2) locus. Many Npn-2 mutant mice are viable into adulthood, allowing us to assess the role of Npn-2 in axon guidance events throughout neural development.(More)
The structure of working memory and its development across the childhood years were investigated in children 4-15 years of age. The children were given multiple assessments of each component of the A. D. Baddeley and G. Hitch (1974) working memory model. Broadly similar linear functions characterized performance on all measures as a function of age. From 6(More)
The effect on the microtubule system of human oocytes of cooling to room temperature for either 10 or 30 minutes has been investigated. Changes in spindle organization were found in all oocytes cooled for 30 minutes compared with control oocytes kept at 37 degrees C throughout. These changes included reduction in spindle size, disorganization of(More)
Unfertilized mouse oocytes and eggs 1-8 h after fertilization in vitro were examined at the light microscope level for structural changes, distribution of actin (as assessed by both antiactin antibodies and NBD-phallicidin), surface binding of concanavalin A (Con A) and chromosomal distribution and condensation. The influence of cytochalasin D on these(More)
Assisted conception treatment is the single most important cause in the increase in multiple pregnancy and births over the last 25 years. Multiple births are associated with significant peri natal morbidity and mortality. Europe has led the way in reducing multiple births by widespread adoption of an elective single embryo policy, which in Belgium is linked(More)
The effect of dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) on microfilament organisation has been studied in the mouse oocyte after staining with (NBD)-phallacidin. The cortical actin meshwork was disrupted by exposure of oocytes to 1.5 M DMSO at 37 degrees C, and this disruption was associated with changes in the cell surface, especially microvilli length and distribution,(More)
Human cleaving pre-embryos at 2 and 3 days and cavitated pre-embryos at 5 days post-insemination have been examined for cell number and the incidence of mononucleated cells. At least 60% of polynucleate or anucleate cells have been detected at all these stages and regardless of morphological grading at day 2. It is concluded that even by the time at which(More)
There have been few investigations into the role of ion channels in mammalian early embryonic development, despite studies showing that changes in ion channel activity accompany the early embryonic development of non-mammalian species and the proliferation of mammalian cells. Here we report that a large-conductance, voltage-activated K+ channel is active in(More)