Susan J Levy

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OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of non-communicable disease, specifically hypertension, diabetes and obesity, amongst populations at different levels of urbanisation in Vanuatu, and to relate the frequency of these conditions to the modernisation of way of life. DESIGN A cross-sectional population-based comparative study of indicative cluster(More)
Seroepidemiological studies of hepatitis B were carried out on diverse groups of children (477) and adults (629) from the Pacific Island country of Vanuatu. In children under 14 years, prevalences of HBsAg and of all markers were 6% and 53.3% respectively; in adults greater than or equal to 20 years the prevalences were 15% and 70%. Age specific prevalence(More)
The 22 Pacific Island countries and territories are in a state of demographic and epidemiological transition. Mortality data for the period around 1980 were collected from various sources and are presented in this comparative study. Because death registration in many Pacific countries is deficient some data have been adjusted for underenumeration; and some(More)
An epidemic of influenza A occurred in the Niue population during May-June 1983. The infection was introduced by two index cases returning from New Zealand to the village of Makefu. The epidemic started in this village and then spread rapidly around the island. The incidence of infection was calculated to be 41 per 100 population based on 1981 census(More)
A comparative study of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance and obesity was undertaken in samples of rural Wallisians of Wallis Island and first generation Wallisian migrants in the urban centre of Noumea, New Caledonia. Approximately 20-25% of the adult population of the 2 communities was included in the study. Wallisians in Noumea tended to be more obese(More)
Group comparisons of blood pressure and indices of obesity and salt intake from epidemiological studies conducted in the Pacific early in the 1980s are presented. The comparisons were of a rural-urban type, and showed a trend for a lower prevalence of hypertension and for lower mean blood pressures in adults from rural areas, compared with urban(More)
Hepatitis B immunization for health care workers is common policy in many countries where they constitute a particular at risk group. A seroepidemiological study of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Fiji health care workers was conducted to determine whether this occupational group (or subgroups thereof) were at higher risk of infection than the general Fiji(More)
Data on fertility and contraception in Micronesian women in the Marshall Islands were collected during a women's health survey in 1985. High total fertility rates were found. The reproductive pattern of many Marshallese women is one that has been associated with adverse health consequences: pregnancies in teenagers and in women over 39 years, high parities(More)
Mean haemoglobin and plasma iron levels and prevalences of anaemia and iron deficiency were determined in three population samples of Vanuatuans aged 20 or more years as part of a noncommunicable diseases survey in 1985. The three samples were drawn from separate urban, semirural and rural populations. Age-adjusted mean haemoglobin levels were highest in(More)