Susan J. Kenwrick

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The neural cell recognition molecule L1 is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily implicated in embryonic brain development. L1 is engaged in complex extracellular interactions, with multiple binding partners on cell surfaces and in the extracellular matrix. It is the founder of a neural group of related cell surface receptors that share with L1 a(More)
The molecular basis of X-linked recessive anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (EDA-ID) has remained elusive. Here we report hypomorphic mutations in the gene IKBKG in 12 males with EDA-ID from 8 kindreds, and 2 patients with a related and hitherto unrecognized syndrome of EDA-ID with osteopetrosis and lymphoedema (OL-EDA-ID). Mutations in(More)
Familial incontinentia pigmenti (IP; MIM 308310) is a genodermatosis that segregates as an X-linked dominant disorder and is usually lethal prenatally in males. In affected females it causes highly variable abnormalities of the skin, hair, nails, teeth, eyes and central nervous system. The prominent skin signs occur in four classic cutaneous stages:(More)
Mutations in the L1 gene induce a spectrum of human neurological disorders due to abnormal development of several brain structures and fiber tracts. Among its binding partners, L1 immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule (Ig CAM) associates with neuropilin-1 (NP-1) to form a semaphorin3A (Sema3A) receptor and soluble L1 converts Sema3A-induced axonal(More)
Human single gene disorders that affect the nervous system provide a host of natural mutations that can be deployed in the quest to understand its development and function. A paradigm for this approach is the study of disorders caused by mutations in the gene for the neural cell recognition molecule L1. L1 is the founder member of a subfamily of cell(More)
X-linked hydrocephalus, spastic paraplegia type I and MASA syndrome are related disorders with loci in subchromosomal region Xq28. We have previously shown that X-linked hydrocephalus is caused by mutations in the gene for neural cell adhesion molecule L1 (L1CAM), an axonal glycoprotein involved in neuronal migration and differentiation. Here we report(More)
The L1 cell adhesion molecule has six domains homologous to members of the immunoglobulin superfamily and five homologous to fibronectin type III domains. We determined the outline structure of the L1 domains by showing that they have, at the key sites that determine conformation, residues similar to those in proteins of known structure. The outline(More)
Mutations in the gene for neural cell adhesion molecule L1 (L1CAM) result in a debilitating X-linked congenital disorder of brain development. At the neuronal cell surface L1 may interact with a variety of different molecules including itself and two other CAMs of the immunoglobulin superfamily, axonin-1 and F11. However, whether all of these interactions(More)
A locus for X-linked hydrocephalus (HSAS), which is characterized by mental retardation and enlarged brain ventricles, maps to the same subchromosomal region (Xq28) as the gene for neural cell adhesion molecule L1. We have found novel L1 mRNA species in cells from affected members of a HSAS family containing deletions and insertions produced by the(More)
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an X-linked dominant disorder characterized by abnormal skin pigmentation, retinal detachment, anodontia, alopecia, nail dystrophy and central nervous system defects. This disorder segregates as a male lethal disorder and causes skewed X-inactivation in female patients. IP is caused by mutations in a gene called NEMO, which(More)