Susan J Borghoff

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The rat has been explored in detail for its in utero susceptibility to male reproductive tract malformation following phthalate exposure. Few other species have been studied in detail, and it is important for both mechanistic and risk assessment purposes to understand the species specificity of this response. We investigated the response of the fetal mouse(More)
Diets high in soy-based products are well known for their estrogenic activity. Genistein, the predominant phytoestrogen present in soy, is known to interact with estrogen receptors (ER) alpha and beta and elicits reproductive effects in developing rodents. In the rat, genistein is metabolized predominantly to glucuronide and sulfate conjugates, neither of(More)
Enzymes that activate and detoxify benzene are likely genetic determinants of benzene-induced toxicity.NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) detoxifies benzoquinones, proposed toxic metabolites of benzene. NQO1 deficiency in humans is associated with an increased risk of leukemia, specifically acute myelogenous leukemia, and benzene poisoning. We(More)
In 1996, the U.S. Congress passed the Food Quality Protection Act and amended the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) requiring the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to implement a screening program to investigate the potential of pesticide chemicals and drinking water contaminants to adversely affect endocrine pathways. Consequently, the EPA launched(More)
Human exposure to phthalic acid diesters occurs through a variety of pathways as a result of their widespread use in plastics. Repeated doses of di-n-butylphthalate (DBP) from gestation day (GD) 12 to 19 disrupt testosterone synthesis and male sexual development in the fetal rat. To gain a better understanding of the relationship of the target tissue(More)
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is added to gasoline to reduce carbon monoxide and ozone precursors from automobile emissions. The objectives of this study were to verify the ability of a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to predict MTBE blood levels in humans and to investigate the effect of variability in the metabolism of MTBE and its(More)
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