Susan J. Borghoff

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The rat has been explored in detail for its in utero susceptibility to male reproductive tract malformation following phthalate exposure. Few other species have been studied in detail, and it is important for both mechanistic and risk assessment purposes to understand the species specificity of this response. We investigated the response of the fetal mouse(More)
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) and its metabolite tertiary-butanol (TBA) both cause renal tumors in chronically exposed male rats. Knowledge of the kinetic behavior of MTBE and TBA in rats and its comparison to the kinetics of these chemicals in humans will aid in assessing human risk. The objective of this study was to develop a physiologically based(More)
alpha 2u-Globulin nephropathy is an important toxicologic syndrome that occurs in male rats following exposure to a number of important industrial and environmental chemicals. A low, but significant incidence of renal neoplasia develops in male rats as a chronic sequela to the disease. Studies on the pathogenesis of alpha 2u-globulin nephropathy have(More)
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is an oxygenated fuel additive used to decrease carbon monoxide emissions during combustion. MTBE is a nongenotoxic chemical that induces Leydig cell tumors (LCT) in male rats. The mechanism of MTBE-induced LCT is not known; however, LCT induced by other nongenotoxic chemicals have been associated with the disruption of the(More)
Enzymes involved in benzene metabolism are likely genetic determinants of benzene-induced toxicity. Polymorphisms in human microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH) are associated with an increased risk of developing leukemia, specifically those associated with benzene. This study was designed to investigate the importance of mEH in benzene-induced toxicity. Male(More)
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), a fuel additive blended into unleaded gasoline to decrease carbon monoxide emissions, induces renal tumors in male, but not female, rats exposed by inhalation to > or =3000 ppm MTBE. A number of chemicals that induce male rat-specific renal tumors also cause a syndrome unique to male rats referred to as alpha2u-globulin(More)
Tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA) is a small aliphatic alcohol with multiple industrial and scientific uses. A comprehensive pharmacokinetic profile for TBA has not been determined in rats. The purpose of this study was to fully characterize the pharmacokinetics of TBA in male and female F-344 rats following intravenous administration of 37.5, 75, 150 and 300(More)
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is added to gasoline to reduce carbon monoxide and ozone precursors from automobile emissions. The objectives of this study were to verify the ability of a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to predict MTBE blood levels in humans and to investigate the effect of variability in the metabolism of MTBE and its(More)
Diets high in soy-based products are well known for their estrogenic activity. Genistein, the predominant phytoestrogen present in soy, is known to interact with estrogen receptors (ER) alpha and beta and elicits reproductive effects in developing rodents. In the rat, genistein is metabolized predominantly to glucuronide and sulfate conjugates, neither of(More)
alpha 2u-N is a syndrome that has been characterized in male rats exposed to a number of environmental chemicals and pharmacological agents. The chemicals or their metabolites bind to alpha 2u, which is believed to lead to a less digestible chemical-protein complex. Because of the decreased hydrolysis of the chemical-protein complex in the lysosome, alpha(More)