Susan Hudgins

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Studies using transgenic mice that overexpress ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), direct injection of CNTF into brain parenchyma, and ectopic expression of CNTF by an adenoviral vector have demonstrated that CNTF activates astrocytes. Paradoxically, studies to date have failed to show an effect of CNTF on the expression of GFAP by cultured astrocytes.(More)
These experiments tested whether in utero and lactational exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) alters mammary gland differentiation, estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) expression levels, or the response to estrogen in the female postpubertal rat mammary gland. Pregnant Holtzman rats were administered a single oral dose of 1 microg/kg TCDD(More)
After insult or trauma, astrocytes become activated and endeavor to restore the brain's delicately balanced microenvironment. An index of their activated state is that they become enlarged or hypertrophic. Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), a member of the alpha helical family of cytokines, is synthesized by astrocytes and is generally regarded to be an(More)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of DNA is the most widely used technique for screening of large numbers of genetically engineered transgenic or knockout mice (Mus musculus). In this report, we present a new DNA preparation procedure for running diagnostic PCR. In this procedure, mouse ear tissue was used directly for PCR after the tissue(More)
Estrogen plays a critical role in inducing LH surge. In the pituitary, estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) mediates the action of estrogen, while the downstream pathway of ERalpha activation is yet to be elucidated. Here, we report the finding that cholecystokinin type A receptor (CCK-AR) is an ERalpha downstream gene in the mouse anterior pituitary. In the(More)
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