Susan Howard

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The nucleotide sequence of 42090 bp of vaccinia virus strain WR is presented. The sequence includes the SalI L, F, G and I fragments and starts near the centre of the HindIII A fragment and extends rightwards towards the genomic terminus, finishing approximately 0.5 kb internal of the inverted terminal repeat (ITR). Translation of this region has identified(More)
A fundamental problem in DNA microarray analysis is the lack of a common standard to compare the expression levels of different samples. Several normalization protocols have been proposed to overcome variables inherent in this technology. As yet, there are no satisfactory methods to exchange gene expression data among different research groups or to compare(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to determine the effects of intermittent hypoxia training (IHT), with and without fatty-diet, on bodyweight, serum glucose, leptin, insulin, and their receptors, and to test whether erythropoietin (EPO) mediates these effects. METHODS Kunming mice were divided into four groups. 1: untreated control; 2: IHT; 3:(More)
Vaccinia virus particles contain a protein kinase with an Mr of 62K calculated from sedimentation rate. We have sequenced the SalI G restriction fragment of the vaccinia virus genome near to the right inverted terminal repeat and have identified two genes which share 36% amino acid identity with each other and are related to the family of protein kinase(More)
A polymorphic region was discovered in the genetically uncharacterized opportunistic pathogen Mycobacterium abscessus. The region contains a novel 1.7 kb insertion sequence (IS) named ISMab1. ISMab1 contains two complete ORFs and one partial ORF located in segments with over 80% nucleotide identity to Mycobacterium avium IS1601 and IS999 and to previously(More)
There is growing evidence that strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis differ in pathogenicity and transmissibility, but little is understood about the contributory factors. We have previously shown that increased expression of the principal sigma factor, SigA, mediates the capacity of M. tuberculosis strain 210 to grow more rapidly in human monocytes,(More)
Reflective functioning or mentalizing is the capacity to interpret both the self and others in terms of internal mental states such as feelings, wishes, goals, desires, and attitudes. This paper is part of a series of papers outlining the development and psychometric features of a new self-report measure, the Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (RFQ),(More)
The ESX-1 secretion system exports substrate proteins into host cells and is crucial for the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. EspR is one of the characterized transcriptional regulators that modulates the ESX-1 system by binding the conserved EspR binding sites in the promoter of espA, the encoding gene of EspA, which is also a substrate protein(More)
A fundamental problem in DNA microarray analysis is the lack of a common standard to compare the expression levels of different samples. Several normalization protocols have been proposed to overcome variables inherent in this technology. As yet, there are no satisfactory methods to exchange gene expression data among different research groups or to compare(More)
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