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Some clonal organisms may live for thousands of years and show no signs of senescence, while others consistently die after finite life spans. Using two models, we examined how stage-specific life-history rates of a clone's modules determine whether a genetic individual escapes senescence by replacing old modules with new ones. When the rates of clonal or(More)
Plants often suffer reductions in fecundity due to insect herbivory. Whether this loss of seeds has population-level consequences is much debated and often unknown. For many plants, particularly those with long-lived seedbanks, it is frequently asserted that herbivores have minimal impacts on plant abundance because safe-site availability rather than(More)
Dose response curves show that prolonged drug exposure at a low concentration may kill more cells than short exposures at higher drug concentrations, particularly for cell cycle phase specific drugs. Applying drugs at low concentrations for prolonged periods, however, allows cells with partial resistance to evolve higher levels of resistance through(More)
The chemical stabilities of isoetharine hydrochloride inhalation solution, metaproterenol sulphate inhalation solution and terbutaline sulphate injection, after diluting 1 in 10 with sodium chloride 0.9% injection were studied. On storing the solutions in amber-coloured syringes, they were stable for at least 120 days at 5 degrees C. At 25 degrees C they(More)
A study was carried out in 1990 to guide the development of a protocol for assessing residential exposures of children to time-weighted-average (TWA) power-frequency magnetic fields. The principal goal of this dosimetry study was to determine whether area (i.e., spot and/or 24 h) measurements of power-frequency magnetic fields in the residences and in the(More)
The solutions of dobutamine hydrochloride (5 mg/ml), dopamine hydrochloride (4 mg/ml), nitroglycerin (1 mg/ml) and sodium nitroprusside (1 mg/ml) in dextrose 5% injection were stable for 24 h when stored at 25 degrees C in 60-ml plastic syringes. For sodium nitroprusside, the syringes must be wrapped with aluminium foil (provided by the manufacturer),(More)
Francisella tularensis type A is the primary cause of tularemia in animals and humans in North America. The majority of research on F. tularensis has been done with the attenuated live vaccine strain (LVS), which is a type B, but very few wild-type F. tularensis strains have been characterized. A gram-negative coccobacillus that was isolated in pure culture(More)