Susan G. Campbell

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Cytoplasmic RNA granules serve key functions in the control of messenger RNA (mRNA) fate in eukaryotic cells. For instance, in yeast, severe stress induces mRNA relocalization to sites of degradation or storage called processing bodies (P-bodies). In this study, we show that the translation repression associated with glucose starvation causes the key(More)
The cytoplasmic fate of mRNAs is dictated by the relative activities of the intimately connected mRNA decay and translation initiation pathways. In this study, we have found that yeast strains compromised for stages downstream of deadenylation in the major mRNA decay pathway are incapable of inhibiting global translation initiation in response to stress. In(More)
The Tor kinases are the targets of the immunosuppressive drug rapamycin and couple nutrient availability to cell growth. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the PP2A-related phosphatase Sit4 together with its regulatory subunit Tap42 mediates several Tor signaling events. Sit4 interacts with other potential regulatory proteins known as the Saps.(More)
The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B) provides a fundamental controlled point in the pathway of protein synthesis. eIF2B is the heteropentameric guanine nucleotide exchange factor that converts eIF2, from an inactive guanosine diphosphate-bound complex to eIF2-guanosine triphosphate. This reaction is controlled in response to a variety of(More)
Cellular stress can globally inhibit translation initiation, and glucose removal from yeast causes one of the most dramatic effects in terms of rapidity and scale. Here we show that the same rapid inhibition occurs during yeast growth as glucose levels diminish. We characterize this novel regulation showing that it involves alterations within the 48S(More)
A long-term goal of the brewing industry is to identify yeast strains with increased tolerance to the stresses experienced during the brewing process. We have characterised the genomes of a number of stress-tolerant mutants, derived from the lager yeast strain CMBS-33, that were selected for tolerance to high temperatures and to growth in high specific(More)
Morphogens are secreted signaling molecules that form concentration gradients and control cell fate in developing tissues. During development, it is essential that morphogen range is strictly regulated in order for correct cell type specification to occur. One of the best characterized morphogens is Drosophila Decapentaplegic (Dpp), a BMP signaling molecule(More)
The translation factor eIF5 is an important partner of eIF2, directly modulating its function in several critical steps. First, eIF5 binds eIF2/GTP/Met-tRNA(i)(Met) ternary complex (TC), promoting its recruitment to 40S ribosomal subunits. Secondly, its GTPase activating function promotes eIF2 dissociation for ribosomal subunit joining. Finally, eIF5 GDP(More)
The eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF2B) serves an essential recycling function in protein synthesis. As the guanine nucleotide exchange factor for eIF2, it recycles eIF2 from a GDP to a GTP bound form that is competent for translation initiation. Stress-dependent controls target this eIF2B-recycling step allowing a reprogramming of the global gene(More)
Accurately perceiving non-native speech sounds is known to be very difficult. Numerous studies provide strong and converging evidence that this difficulty varies systematically, depending on the properties of the non-native sounds and the native language of the listener. There is substantially less research on how phonetic and phonological structure relates(More)