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Cognitive load theory can inform the design of web-based instruction. The basic premise of cognitive load theory is that the focus of an instructional module must be the instruction itself. Information that is adjunct to the instruction must be designed to minimize cognitive load and enhance working memory. Because the mental resources of working memory can(More)
† The statistical analysis of firm-level data on U.S. multinational corporations reported in this study was conducted at the International Investment Division, Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, under arrangements that maintained legal confidentiality requirements. Views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily(More)
† The statistical analysis of the confidential firm-level data on U.S. multinational corporations reported in this study was conducted at the International Investment Division, Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, under arrangements that maintained legal confidentiality requirements. The views expressed are those of the authors and do(More)
We examine how U.S. multinational corporations (MNCs) and their Canadian afþliates responded to the substantial bilateral tariff reductions that occurred over the 1983{ 92 period. Using conþdential þrm-level data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, we focus on the MNCs' allocation of employment and capital across Canada and the United States. We þnd that(More)
We study the resource allocation decisions of U.S. multinational corporations (MNCs). We examine how established MNCs grow across countries and how firm-specific resources and host-country capital market development influence MNC growth. We find no evidence of resource constraints in MNCs with greater knowledge and access to capital. However, when these(More)
Zhuang, and two reviewers for helpful discussions and comments. Abstract " What determines the scope of the firm? " is one of the most fundamental questions in strategic management and international business. Yet no previous research has investigated the relationship between the scope of the firm and cross-listing—a firm listing its stock on overseas(More)