Susan E. Wilkie

Learn More
Microspectrophotometric examination of the retinal photoreceptors of the budgerigar (shell parakeet), Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes) and the zebra finch, Taeniopygia guttata (Passeriformes), demonstrate the presence of four, spectrally distinct classes of single cone that contain visual pigments absorbing maximally at about 565, 507, 430-445 and(More)
The violet- and ultraviolet-sensitive visual pigments of birds belong to the same class of pigments as the violet-sensitive (so-called blue) pigments of mammals. However, unlike the pigments from mammals and other vertebrate taxa which, depending on species, have lambda(max) values of either around 430 nm or around 370 nm, avian pigments are found with(More)
The shortwave-sensitive SWS1 class of vertebrate visual pigments range in lambda(max) from the violet (385-445 nm) to the ultraviolet (UV) (365-355 nm), with UV-sensitivity almost certainly ancestral. In birds, however, the UV-sensitive pigments present in a number of species have evolved secondarily from an avian violet-sensitive (VS) pigment. All avian VS(More)
Mutations in the gene for guanylate cyclase-activating protein-1 (GCAP1) (GUCA1A) have been associated with autosomal dominant cone dystrophy (COD3). In the present study, a severe disease phenotype in a large white family was initially shown to map to chromosome 6p21.1, the location of GUCA1A. Subsequent single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis(More)
"Cone dystrophy with supernormal rod electroretinogram (ERG)" is an autosomal recessive disorder that causes lifelong visual loss combined with a supernormal ERG response to a bright flash of light. We have linked the disorder to a 0.98-cM (1.5-Mb) region on chromosome 9p24, flanked by rs1112534 and rs1074449, using homozygosity mapping in one large(More)
A mutation has been identified in the Rab3A-interacting molecule (RIM1) gene in CORD7, an autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy that localises to chromosome 6q14. The G to A point mutation results in an Arg844His substitution in the C(2)A domain of the protein that segregates with disease. This mutation is absent in over 200 control chromosomes, indicating(More)
The short-wave-sensitive (SWS) visual pigments of vertebrate cone photoreceptors are divided into two classes on the basis of molecular identity, SWS1 and SWS2. Only the SWS1 class are present in mammals. The SWS1 pigments can be further subdivided into violet-sensitive (VS), with lambda(max) (the peak of maximal absorbance) values generally between 400 and(More)
The visual receptors of the passeriform bird Serinus canaria, the canary, have been examined microspectrophotometrically and the sequences of the opsins determined. Rods have a maximum absorbance (lambda max) at 506 nm. Four spectral classes of single cone are present: long-wave-sensitive (LWS) containing a photopigment with lambda max at 569 nm,(More)
The order Rodentia is subdivided into two suborders, the Sciurognathi and the Hystricognathi. Within the Sciurognathi, the shortwavesensitive (SWS1) class of visual pigments is ultraviolet-sensitive (UVS) amongst the largely nocturnal murine species, whereas violet-sensitive (VS) pigments are thought to be present in diurnal ground and tree squirrels [1,2].(More)
RetGC-1, a member of the membrane guanylyl cyclase family of proteins, is regulated in photoreceptor cells by a Ca(2+)-binding protein known as GCAP-1. Proper regulation of RetGC-1 is essential in photoreceptor cells for normal light adaptation and recovery to the dark state. In this study we show that cGMP synthesis by RetGC-1 requires dimerization,(More)