Susan E. Milsom

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Before cleaving DNA substrates with two recognition sites, the Cfr10I, NgoMIV, NaeI and SfiI restriction endonucleases bridge the two sites through 3D space, looping out the intervening DNA. To characterise their looping interactions, the enzymes were added to plasmids with two recognition sites interspersed with two res sites for site-specific(More)
BbvCI cleaves an asymmetric DNA sequence, 5'-CC downward arrow TCAGC-3'/5'-GC downward arrow TGAGG-3', as indicated. While many Type II restriction enzymes consist of identical subunits, BbvCI has two different subunits: R(1), which acts at GC downward arrow TGAGG; and R(2), which acts at CC downward arrow TCAGC. Some mutants of BbvCI with defects in one(More)
While many Type II restriction enzymes are dimers with a single DNA-binding cleft between the subunits, SfiI is a tetramer of identical subunits. Two of its subunits (a dimeric unit) create one DNA-binding cleft, and the other two create a second cleft on the opposite side of the protein. The two clefts bind specific DNA cooperatively to give a complex of(More)
Type IIs restriction endonucleases recognize asymmetric DNA sequences and cleave both DNA strands at fixed positions, typically several base pairs away from the recognition site. These enzymes are generally monomers that transiently associate to form dimers to cleave both strands. Their reactions could involve bridging interactions between two copies of(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the value of screening studies to assess the efficacy of antiseptic mouthrinse products relative to proven products. The products tested were 6 antiseptic mouthrinses available in France. 4 contained chlorhexidine (Eludril, Hibident, Parodex and Prexidine) with Hibident considered the positive control. 1 product(More)
Prevotella intermedia and the newly described P. nigrescens cannot be reliably distinguished by phenotypic tests. In this study, restriction endonuclease digestion of amplified 16S rDNA (16S rDNA PCR-RFLP) was used to generate restriction profiles of the type strains of P. intermedia and P. nigrescens and 43 fresh isolates identified as belonging to one of(More)
The FokI restriction endonuclease recognizes an asymmetric DNA sequence and cuts both strands at fixed positions upstream of the site. The sequence is contacted by a single monomer of the protein, but the monomer has only one catalytic centre and forms a dimer to cut both strands. FokI is also known to cleave DNA with two copies of its site more rapidly(More)
Stannous fluoride (SF) in a toothpaste vehicle has the potential to provide anticaries and plaque inhibitory benefits through the fluoride and antimicrobial stannous moieties respectively. Dental staining, however, can occur by precipitation of dietary chromogens onto the tooth surface by stannous ions. These studies in vitro compare the antimicrobial(More)
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