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A population-based case-control study of physical activity and prostate cancer risk was conducted in Alberta, Canada, between 1997 and 2000. A total of 988 incident, histologically confirmed cases of stage T2 or greater prostate cancer were frequency matched to 1,063 population controls. The Lifetime Total Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to measure(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the high global prevalence of prostate cancer (PCa), few epidemiologic studies have assessed physical activity in relation to PCa survival. OBJECTIVE To evaluate different types, intensities, and timing of physical activity relative to PCa survival. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A prospective study was conducted in Alberta,(More)
BACKGROUND The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC), in 2001, concluded that there is good evidence to include annual or biennial fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) and fair evidence to include flexible sigmoidoscopy in the periodic health examination of asymptomatic adults more than 50 years of age. METHODS Mailed survey of Alberta(More)
Dietary patterns derived by cluster analysis are commonly reported with little information describing how decisions are made at each step of the analytical process. Using food frequency questionnaire data obtained in 2001-2007 on Albertan men (n = 6,445) and women (n = 10,299) aged 35-69 years, the authors explored the use of statistical approaches to(More)
In a large cage, free-flying western white-winged doves, nectar-feeding Leptonycteris bats, and honey bees were each effective as cross-pollinators of self-sterile saguaro flowers. Seed production and seed viability were not significantly different in fruit from flowers pollinated by these agents. Pollination is not a limiting factor in saguaro repopulation.
Oncology nurses working with hematology patients at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre questioned the need for twice daily flushings of central venous catheters. The nurses speculated that weekly flushings would be more convenient for patients, maintain patency, reduce risk of infections, and save the costs of supplies and nursing time. In 1986, the nurses, in(More)
The rate of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) detection in CIN 1 lesions is quite variable for several reasons. Amongst these, the sensitivity level of the HPV detection system probably ranks supreme. The prevalence of HPV DNA in cervical scrape samples from 234 patients referred for colposcopic investigation of a CIN 1 lesion was compared using dot blot(More)
BACKGROUND National guidelines recommending colorectal cancer (CRC) screening for average risk Canadians were released in 2001. The current study determined rates of CRC screening and predictors of screening 3 yr after the guidelines were released. METHOD A population-based random digit dial telephone survey of 1,808 Alberta men and women aged 50-74 yr(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The nonmedical costs of colorectal cancer screening are unknown. However, they might influence screening uptake and impact the cost-effectiveness of colorectal cancer screening modalities. METHODS Consecutive individuals presenting for colorectal cancer screening in the Calgary Health Region were recruited from 4 community laboratory(More)
Infection with types 6, 11, 16, and 18 of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with condylomatous, dysplastic, or carcinomatous changes in the genital tract. Emerging evidence suggests that a similar series of lesions develops in the anal canal after exposure to the same HPV types. In situ hybridization was performed with the use of biotinylated DNA(More)