Susan E. Mackinnon

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Quantification of peripheral nerve regeneration in animal studies of nerve injury and repair by histologic, morphologic, and electrophysiologic parameters has been controversial because such studies may not necessarily correlate with actual nerve function. This study modifies the previously described sciatic functional index (SFI), tibial functional index(More)
Microneurosurgical techniques to reconstruct nerve gaps with nerve grafts frequently fail to achieve excellent functional results and create donor-site morbidity. In the present study, 15 patients had gaps of 0.5 to 3.0 cm (mean 1.7 cm) in digital nerves reconstructed by one surgeon with a bioabsorbable polyglycolic acid (PGA) tube. A final evaluation of(More)
Pain to light touching of the skin is a hallmark sign of causalgia. The purpose of this study was to determine whether myelinated or unmyelinated afferent fibers signal this hyperalgesia. Sensory testing was performed in 17 patients with long-standing hyperalgesia after nerve injury. The patients underwent a differential ischemic block of nerve function of(More)
Nerve crush is a commonly used experimental model in the rat; however, a standard method of inducing this injury has not been defined. This study examined six crush techniques that are frequently used and characterized the subsequent nerve injury. Five types of nerve crush using a No. 5 jeweler's forceps and a sixth using a 30-s single crush with a serrated(More)
Functional recovery following sciatic, tibial, and peroneal nerve injury was assessed over a 1-year period using walking track analysis in the rat. Internal neurolysis did not affect nerve function. Crush injury induced a temporary, but complete, loss of function that recovered to control levels by 4 weeks. Nerve transection resulted in complete loss of(More)
This report proposes that reflex sympathetic dystrophy be defined as a pain syndrome in which the pain is accompanied by loss of function and evidence of autonomic dysfunction. In the clinical setting, this diagnosis is usually associated with other anatomic and psychological diagnoses and may be associated with a variety of systemic illnesses and(More)
Autografting is the gold standard in the repair of peripheral nerve injuries that are not amenable to end-to-end coaptation. However, because autografts result in donor-site defects and are a limited resource, an effective substitute would be valuable. In a rat model, we compared isografts with Integra NeuraGen (NG) nerve guides, which are a commercially(More)
Based on previous studies demonstrating the potential of growth factors to enhance peripheral nerve regeneration, we developed a novel growth factor delivery system to provide sustained delivery of nerve growth factor (NGF). This delivery system uses heparin to immobilize NGF and slow its diffusion from a fibrin matrix. This system has been previously shown(More)
To provide an anatomical basis for diagnosis and treatment of the tarsal tunnel syndrome, the relationship of the tibial nerve to the tarsal tunnel was investigated in 31 feet of 20 cadavers. The bifurcation into medial and lateral plantar nerves occurred within 1 cm of the malleolar-calcaneal axis in 90% of the feet. Seven of 11 bilateral specimens were(More)