Susan E Leeman

Learn More
Cleavage and release (shedding) of membrane proteins is a critical regulatory step in many normal and pathological processes. Evidence suggests that the antiaging transmembrane protein Klotho (KL) is shed from the cell surface by proteolytic cleavage. In this study, we attempted to identify the enzymes responsible for the shedding of KL by treating(More)
Previously we identified a transcription factor, LPS-Induced TNF-alpha Factor (LITAF), mediating inflammatory cytokine expression in LPS-induced processes. To characterize the role of LITAF in vivo, we generated a macrophage-specific LITAF-deficient mouse (macLITAF(-/-)). Our data demonstrate that in macrophages (i) several cytokines (such as TNF-alpha,(More)
Sensory neurons grown in dispersed cell culture in the absence of non-neuronal cell types contain immunoreactive substance P that is chemically similar to synthetic substance P. When depolarized in high-K+ media (30-120 mM), the neurons release this peptide by a Ca2+-dependent mechanism. An enkephalin analogue, [D-Ala2]enkephalin amide, at 10 micron(More)
The G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R), and its preferred ligand, substance P (SP), are reviewed in relationship to the immune system and selected infections. NK1R and SP are ubiquitous throughout the animal kingdom. This important pathway has unique functions in numerous cells and tissues. The interaction of SP with its(More)
Fibrous adhesions remain a major sequela of abdominal surgery. The proinflammatory peptide substance P (SP), known to participate in inflammatory events, may play a key role in adhesion formation. This hypothesis was tested by using an antagonist, CJ-12,255 (Pfizer), that blocks the binding of SP to the neurokinin 1 receptor (NK-1R). Adhesion formation was(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder characterized by premature cell death, predominantly in the neostriatum. Decreased concentrations of several neurotransmitters and neuropeptides have been reported in the basal ganglia in Huntington disease. We now report that concentrations of radioimmunoassayable somatostatin are(More)