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BACKGROUND Pulmonary metastasis continues to be the most common cause of death in osteosarcoma. Indeed, the 5-year survival for newly diagnosed osteosarcoma patients has not significantly changed in over 20 years. Further understanding of the mechanisms of metastasis and resistance for this aggressive pediatric cancer is necessary. Pet dogs naturally(More)
The use of complementary and alternative medical therapies is becoming widespread. The objective of this study was to examine the use of complementary and alternative therapies in dogs and cats with cancer. The types of modalities used, the intended purpose for each modality, sources of information pet owners used, and the level of interest in these(More)
In lymphoid neoplasia, molecular assays to confirm clonality rely on the fact that lymphoid cells normally contain DNA regions with unique sequences, resulting from recombination of the V, D, and J genes. The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for antigen receptor rearrangements (PARR) for molecular staging(More)
BACKGROUND Class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is an independent predictor of outcome in human B-cell lymphoma. We assessed class II expression together with other markers for their impact on prognosis in canine B-cell lymphoma. HYPOTHESIS Low class II MHC expression, large cell size, and expression of CD34 will predict a poorer outcome in(More)
BACKGROUND Biopsy of mediastinal masses can be invasive, but the procedure may be necessary if cytology of a mass aspirate is inconclusive. The 2 most common mediastinal masses, lymphoma and thymoma, may both be comprised of small lymphocytes. We investigated the ability of flow cytometry to distinguish between these 2 neoplasms. HYPOTHESIS Flow cytometry(More)
Medical records of 21 cats with confirmed lymphoma treated with single-agent doxorubicin were reviewed. Nineteen cats met the inclusion criteria for this retrospective study. Doxorubicin was given at a dosage of 25 mg/m2 (n = 8) or 1 mg/kg (n = 11) IV, every 3 weeks for a total of 5 treatments. Four of 16 tested cats were positive for feline leukemia virus(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of regional lymph node metastasis in dogs with appendicular osteosarcoma and determine whether regional lymph node metastasis was associated with shortened disease-free interval or survival time. DESIGN Retrospective study. ANIMALS 228 dogs with appendicular osteosarcoma in which regional lymph nodes were examined(More)
Six dogs with spontaneously occurring, previously untreated lymphoma were treated with half-body radiation therapy (RT) doses interposed in a CHOP-based 25-week chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy-related toxicities were as expected and were mildly increased in severity post-RT compared with pre-RT. Treatment was delayed by 1-2 weeks per delay in four dogs(More)
BACKGROUND Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a highly metastatic and often rapidly fatal tumor in dogs. At present, conventional adjuvant chemotherapy provides only a modest survival benefit for treated dogs. Continuous oral administration of low-dose chemotherapy (LDC) has been suggested as an alternative to conventional chemotherapy protocols. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND We demonstrated previously that canine osteosarcoma (OSA) cell lines and samples from clinical patients are predominantly telomerase positive. In contrast, the majority of OSA samples from human patients appear to be telomerase negative, maintaining telomere length by an alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) mechanism. The purpose of the(More)