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BACKGROUND Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a tremendous burden on industry in the United States. However, there is limited understanding of the unique issues relating to specific industry sectors, specifically the frequency and costs of different MSDs. METHODS Claim data from 1999 to 2004 from the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation were analyzed as(More)
Job rotation has been advocated as a suitable intervention to control work-related musculoskeletal disorders. However, little is known regarding the prevalence of job rotation, methods used to identify jobs for rotation or the benefits or limitations of job rotation. A web-based questionnaire was developed to survey job rotation practices from Midwest US(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive exposure to noise places nurses at risk for safety events, near-misses, decreased job performance, and fatigue. Noise is particularly a concern in pediatric intensive care units, where highly skilled providers and vulnerable patients require a quiet environment to promote healing. OBJECTIVE To measure noise levels and noise duration(More)
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to quantify the movement of hospital bed occupants relative to the bed in typical bed articulations. BACKGROUND Movement of a patient in bed results in two common adverse events: (a) increase in shear and friction forces between the patient and bed, which are extrinsic pressure ulcer risk factors, and (b) musculoskeletal(More)
OBJECTIVE This article investigates whether different interventions aimed at promoting postural change could increase body movement throughout the shift and reduce musculoskeletal discomfort. BACKGROUND Many researchers have reported high levels of discomfort for workers that have relatively low-level demands but whose jobs are sedentary in nature. To(More)
INTRODUCTION Farming is a very large industry in the United States. Understanding the risks for injuries and more specifically musculoskeletal disorders in this industry poses a challenge for health officials. METHODS A review was conducted of the existing peer-reviewed publications prior to December 2006 about injuries and musculoskeletal disorders for(More)
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND Abnormalities in glenohumeral rhythm and neuromuscular control of the upper trapezius (UT), middle trapezius (MT), lower trapezius (LT) and serratus anterior (SA) muscles have been identified in individuals with shoulder pain. Upper extremity diagonal or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) patterns have been suggested as(More)
In recent years, there has been increased popularity for use of alternative treatment modalities for low back pain with limited investigation into whether they are effective in returning the worker to normal functionality. The objective of this study was to investigate the short-term impact on the restoration of the functional ability of common treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and reported injuries for nurses and nursing aides. BACKGROUND Nurses and nursing aides suffer from work-related pain and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Although there have been a plethora of studies on MSDs, an overall understanding of the prevalence of MSDs and(More)
We describe a novel approach to characterize bone quality noninvasively, a measurement that quantifies aggregate shock-absorption capacity of load-bearing bones as a measure of mechanical structural integrity during exposure to real-time self-induced in vivo loading associated with heel strike. The outcome measure, damping factor, was estimated at 5(More)