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Chromophyte algae differ fundamentally from plants in possessing chloroplasts that contain chlorophyll c and that have a more complex bounding-membrane topology. Although chromophytes are known to be evolutionary chimaeras of a red alga and a non-photosynthetic host, which gave rise to their exceptional membrane complexity, their cell biology is poorly(More)
Although it is widely accepted that the plastids of plants and algae originated as endosymbionts, the details of this evolutionary process are unclear. It has been proposed that in organisms whose plastids are surrounded by more than two membranes, the endosymbiont was a eukaryotic alga rather than a photosynthetic prokaryote. The DNA-containing nucleomorph(More)
The plastid genome of the cryptophyte alga Guillardia theta (121,524 bp) has been completely sequenced. The genome is 33% G+C and contains a short, nonidentical inverted repeat (4.9 kb) encoding the two rRNA cistrons. The large and small single-copy regions are 96.3 and 15.4 kb, respectively. Forty-six genes encoding proteins for photosynthesis, 5 genes for(More)
  • S E Douglas
  • 1998
The amazing diversity of extant photosynthetic eukaryotes is largely a result of the presence of formerly free-living photosynthesizing organisms that have been sequestered by eukaryotic hosts and established as plastids in a process known as endosymbiosis. The evolutionary history of these endosymbiotic events was traditionally investigated by studying(More)
DNA Strider is a user-friendly Macintosh program designed for analysis of molecular sequence data. The program shows great versatility in choice of genetic codes, restriction enzymes, algorithms for hydropathy plots, and interconversions between types of sequence data. It is very straightforward and interacts well with other sequence and phylogenetic(More)
The objectives of this study are to examine hepatic gene expression changes caused by GH transgenesis and enhanced growth. This is the first use of cDNA microarrays to study the influence of GH transgenesis on liver gene expression in a non-mammalian vertebrate, and the first such study using sexually immature animals. Three groups of coho salmon were(More)
Low molecular weight antimicrobial peptides are an important component of the innate immune system in animals, yet they have not been examined widely in fish. Of particular interest is their expression during development and in response to environmental conditions and disease. Here, we report the isolation of four genomic sequences encoding putative(More)
Antimicrobial peptides play a crucial role as the first line of defense against invading pathogens. Several types of antimicrobial peptides have been isolated from fish, mostly of the cationic alpha-helical variety. Here, we present the cDNA sequences of five highly disulphide-bonded hepcidin-like peptides from winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus(More)
Cells of several major algal groups are evolutionary chimeras of two radically different eukaryotic cells. Most of these "cells within cells" lost the nucleus of the former algal endosymbiont. But after hundreds of millions of years cryptomonads still retain the nucleus of their former red algal endosymbiont as a tiny relict organelle, the nucleomorph,(More)