Learn More
BACKGROUND It would be useful to have psychometrically-sound measures of dental fear for Hispanics, who comprise the largest ethnic minority in the United States. We report on the psychometric properties of Spanish-language versions of two common adult measures of dental fear (Modified Dental Anxiety Scale, MDAS; Dental Fear Survey, DFS), as well as a(More)
On average, the hypothermia exhibited by rats receiving 60% nitrous oxide (N2O) eventually abates despite the continued inhalation of the drug (i.e., acute tolerance develops). However, large individual differences occur in both the magnitude of hypothermia achieved and the degree of acute tolerance that develops. To determine whether the degree of(More)
The NIH Toolbox for Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function (NIH Toolbox) is a set of brief measures for the assessment of cognitive function, emotional health, motor function, and sensory function for use in clinical trials and in epidemiologic and longitudinal studies. Gustatory perception is assessed as 1 of 6 areas of sensory function. A team(More)
The status of instruction in interpersonal communication was surveyed in forty U.S and Canadian dental schools. Key faculty members were identified, and syllabi and course descriptions were collected and content-analyzed. The following findings were obtained for responding schools: 1) only one-third of schools had courses specifically focusing on(More)
University students are often subjects in randomized clinical trials involving anxiolytic and analgesic medications used during clinical dental and medical procedures. The purpose of this study was to describe a typical university student population available for research by using data from a mail survey. Subjects were 350 students chosen randomly from all(More)
We surveyed 350 University of Washington permanent employees chosen randomly from among both faculty and staff. The aim was to determine the extent and nature of dental anxiety in the university population potentially available for teaching clinics. In addition, the relationship of fears to self-reported dental health, utilization of dental care, and other(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to identify a dose of alprazolam that would reduce anxiety associated with oral surgery without causing accompanying memory impairment. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-six subjects in experiment 1 and 48 subjects in experiment 2 were pretested on a computerized memory battery to establish baseline performance. Subjects were(More)
UNLABELLED Daily consumption of xylitol (5-10 g/day) added to chewing gum and confectionary foods has been previously shown to prevent dental caries in children. METHODS Snack foods containing xylitol were developed and tested for acceptability in a convenience sample of 31 children ages 3 to 6 years. In order to mimic an after-meal snack, all children(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether acute tolerance develops to the motor control effects of the short-acting benzodiazepine, midazolam. Using a bolus and constant infusion scheme, 40 healthy adults received a 70-min intravenous infusion of either saline (n = 20) or 6.1 (SE = 0.2) mg midazolam (n = 20). Following the 70-min infusion period,(More)
In 1995, students and staff at the University of Washington were surveyed regarding avoidance of dental care and fear of dental injections. More than 25 percent of adults surveyed expressed at least one clinically significant fear of injections. Almost one in 20 respondents indicated avoiding, cancelling or not appearing for dental appointments because of(More)