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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is among the most lethal human cancers in part because it is insensitive to many chemotherapeutic drugs. Studying a mouse model of PDA that is refractory to the clinically used drug gemcitabine, we found that the tumors in this model were poorly perfused and poorly vascularized, properties that are shared with human(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The NOD2 gene, which is strongly associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease (CD) of the terminal ileum, interacts with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), inducing cellular activation. However, the mechanisms by which NOD2 mutations cause terminal ileitis are unknown, and NOD2 is expressed most highly by peripheral blood monocytes,(More)
Long-term follow-up of 27 patients with hepatitis B virus-related chronic liver disease treated by transplantation showed that 23 had hepatitis B virus recurrence. In 13 patients late changes in the grafts were similar to those described in other series: minor abnormalities in five cases, chronic active hepatitis in five cases and non-hepatitis B(More)
We have reported lymphocytic colitis in children with regressive autism, with epithelial damage prominent. We now compare duodenal biopsies in 25 children with regressive autism to 11 with coeliac disease, five with cerebral palsy and mental retardation and 18 histologically normal controls. Immunohistochemistry was performed for lymphocyte and epithelial(More)
In reviewing a large series of soft tissue tumours, seven cases of benign plexiform schwannoma have been retrieved. These were solitary lesions, not associated with von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis, which arose in the dermis or subcutaneous tissue, predominantly in young adults. None has recurred. While the schwannomatous nature of these rare lesions(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a poor prognosis with limited therapeutic options. We propose that local immune responses in patients with HCC are held in check by tumor-infiltrating CD4(+)CD25(+) T-regulatory lymphocytes (T(reg) cells), which suppress the activity and proliferation of effector CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. The phenotype and cell cycle(More)
The normal duct-lobular system of the breast is lined by two epithelial cell types, inner luminal secretory cells and outer contractile myoepithelial cells. We have generated comprehensive expression profiles of the two normal cell types, using immunomagnetic cell separation and gene expression microarray analysis. The cell-type specificity was confirmed at(More)
Eighteen cases of cellular schwannoma, a recently delineated benign entity, are described. These tumours present most often in middle-aged adults of either sex and show a predilection for the paravertebral region of the mediastinum and retroperitoneum. More than half the tumours macroscopically arose from a nerve but none was associated with von(More)
OBJECTIVE Intestinal pathology, i.e., ileocolonic lymphoid nodular hyperplasia (LNH) and mucosal inflammation, has been described in children with developmental disorders. This study describes some of the endoscopic and pathological characteristics in a group of children with developmental disorders (affected children) that are associated with behavioral(More)
Serum, urine and tissue biochemical findings were studied in 21 cases of fulminant Wilson's disease with respect to the value of a recently described biochemical index based on serum alkaline phosphatase and total serum bilirubin levels, and these cases were compared with 193 other cases of fulminant liver failure. Serum bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase and(More)