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The growth in popularity of RNA expression microarrays has been accompanied by concerns about the reliability of the data especially when comparing between different platforms. Here, we present an evaluation of the reproducibility of microarray results using two platforms, Affymetrix GeneChips and Illumina BeadArrays. The study design is based on a dilution(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the prevalence of autoimmunity among relatives of patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is greater than that among relatives of healthy volunteer control subjects. METHODS Interviews were used to obtain histories of the following disorders among living first- and second-degree relatives of 110 patients and 45(More)
OBJECTIVE Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies have been detected in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), particularly in those with polyarticular, rheumatoid factor (RF)-positive JRA. Our objectives were to determine whether anti-CCP antibodies are associated with HLA-DR4 in children with polyarticular JRA, whether anti-CCP(More)
OBJECTIVE Follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL-1) is a secreted glycoprotein overexpressed in certain inflammatory diseases. Our objective was to correlate FSTL-1 levels with gene expression, known biomarkers, and measures of disease activity in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), including macrophage activation syndrome (MAS). METHODS FSTL-1 serum(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine both the source of follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL-1) and the factors that induce its expression in arthritis, and to determine whether juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is characterized by overexpression of FSTL-1. METHODS FSTL-1 expression patterns were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining of joint tissue derived from mice(More)
OBJECTIVES Methotrexate (MTX) is the mainstay treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), however approximately 30% of children will fail to respond to the drug. Identification of genetic predictors of response to MTX would be invaluable in developing optimal treatment strategies for JIA. Using a candidate gene approach, single nucleotide(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous observations suggest that active systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) is associated with a prominent erythropoiesis gene-expression signature. The aim of this study was to determine the association of this signature with peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) subpopulations and its specificity for sJIA as compared with(More)
Autoimmune diseases (AIDs) are polygenic diseases affecting 7-10% of the population in the Western Hemisphere with few effective therapies. Here, we quantify the heritability of paediatric AIDs (pAIDs), including JIA, SLE, CEL, T1D, UC, CD, PS, SPA and CVID, attributable to common genomic variations (SNP-h(2)). SNP-h(2) estimates are most significant for(More)
OBJECTIVE In a genome-wide association study of Caucasian patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), we have previously described findings limited to autoimmunity loci shared by JIA and other diseases. The present study was undertaken to identify novel JIA-predisposing loci using genome-wide approaches. METHODS The discovery cohort consisted of(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified hundreds of susceptibility genes, including shared associations across clinically distinct autoimmune diseases. We performed an inverse χ(2) meta-analysis across ten pediatric-age-of-onset autoimmune diseases (pAIDs) in a case-control study including more than 6,035 cases and 10,718 shared(More)