Susan D Klein

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Nitric oxide (NO) exerts a wide range of its biological properties via its interaction with mitochondria. By competing with O(2), physiologically relevant concentrations of NO reversibly inhibit cytochrome oxidase and decrease O(2) consumption, in a manner resembling a pharmacological competitive antagonism. The inhibition regulates many cellular functions,(More)
When human platelets are chilled below about 20 degrees C, they spontaneously activate, a phenomenon that limits their storage lifetime. We have previously shown that this activation in chilled human platelets is associated with passage through a lipid phase transition. Because animal models are necessary for Investigating methods for cold storage of(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized by members of the NO synthase (NOS) family. Recently the existence of a mitochondrial NOS (mtNOS), its Ca(2+) dependence, and its relevance for mitochondrial bioenergetics was reported (Ghafourifar, P., and Richter, C. (1997) FEBS Lett. 418, 291-296; Giulivi, C., Poderoso, J. J., and Boveris, A. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273,(More)
Tetra(m-hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC) is used as a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT), a novel modality for cancer treatment. Since little is known about mTHPC-mediated damage in vitro, we chose isolated rat liver mitochondria as a model system to study its photodynamic effects. Incubation of isolated mitochondria with mTHPC plus irradiation with(More)
Liver resident NK1.1+ T cells are supposed to play a pivotal role in the onset of inflammatory liver injury in experimental mouse models such as concanavalin A (Con A)-induced hepatitis. These cells, expressing the adhesion receptor, CD44, are largely depleted from the liver by a single intravenous injection of low-molecular-weight fragments of hyaluronic(More)
The seleno-organic compound ebselen mimics the glutathione-dependent, hydroperoxide reducing activity of glutathione peroxidase. The activity of glutathione peroxidase determines the rate of hydroperoxide-induced Ca2+ release from mitochondria. Ebselen stimulates Ca2+ release from mitochondria, accelerates mitochondrial respiration and uncoupling, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to evaluate various creams for their capability to protect photosensitized skin from visible light. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS Two cover creams and creams containing various combinations of Vaseline with TiO(2), ZnO, and Fe(2)O(3) were used to measure the reduced light transmission and the light(More)