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PURPOSE To present a normative volumetric database, spanning 5 decades of life, of cerebrospinal fluid, subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid, total brain volume, total ventricular volume (component ventricular volumes of lateral, temporal horn, and third and fourth ventricles) and estimates of white and gray matter, based on a multispectral segmentation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively monitor occupational therapy activities and intervention techniques used during inpatient stroke rehabilitation in order to provide a description of current clinical practice. METHODS Data were collected prospectively from 954 clients with stroke receiving occupational therapy from six U.S. rehabilitation hospitals. Descriptive(More)
BACKGROUND Randomized, controlled trials have shown that prophylactic antibiotics are effective in preventing surgical-wound infections. However, it is uncertain how the timing of antibiotic administration affects the risk of surgical-wound infection in actual clinical practice. METHODS We prospectively monitored the timing of antibiotic prophylaxis and(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize complications among infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). STUDY DESIGN Retrospective data from 684 infants with bronchiolitis or RSV pneumonia, < or =1 year old, admitted to 10 children's hospitals from April 1995 to September 1996. Outcomes included complication rates and effects on(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if gestational age (GA) is independently associated with hospital resource use and outcomes among infants hospitalized for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). STUDY DESIGN Analysis of retrospective data from 304 infants (</=1 year) with bronchiolitis or RSV pneumonia admitted to nine children's hospitals from April 1995 to September(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe a new, rigorous, comprehensive practice-based evidence for clinical practice improvement (PBE-CPI) study methodology, and compare its features, advantages, and disadvantages to those of randomized controlled trials and sophisticated statistical methods for comparative effectiveness research. RESEARCH DESIGN PBE-CPI incorporates(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to describe physical therapy provided to patients with stroke in inpatient rehabilitation facilities. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Data were collected from 972 patients with stroke receiving physical therapy services at 6 rehabilitation facilities in the United States. Descriptive statistics were derived to(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between blood glucose level, measured as HbA(1c), and frequency of self-monitoring in patients with type 2 diabetes. Daily self-monitoring is believed to be important for patients treated with insulin or oral agents to detect asymptomatic hypoglycemia and to guide patient and provider(More)
UNLABELLED This document reports the consensus of an interdisciplinary panel of research and clinical experts charged with reviewing the use of opioids for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) and formulating guidelines for future research. Prescribing opioids for chronic noncancer pain has recently escalated in the United States. Contrasting with increasing(More)
This study was undertaken to determine if a measure of severity of illness for psychiatric patients, the Psychiatric Severity of Illness Index, could produce psychiatric case mix groups that are more homogeneous with respect to resource use than the diagnosis-related groups (DRGs). Psychiatric Severity of Illness data were collected on 1,672 cases in ten(More)