Susan C Wong

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The tubular gland of the chicken oviduct is an attractive system for protein expression as large quantities of proteins are deposited in the egg, the production of eggs is easily scalable and good manufacturing practices for therapeutics from eggs have been established. Here we examined the ability of upstream and downstream DNA sequences of ovalbumin, a(More)
The programmed death-1 (PD-1) receptor serves as an immunologic checkpoint, limiting bystander tissue damage and preventing the development of autoimmunity during inflammatory responses. PD-1 is expressed by activated T cells and downmodulates T-cell effector functions upon binding to its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, on antigen-presenting cells. In patients(More)
In a model system employing Chinese hamster V-79 cells, the DNA synthesis inhibitor 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (BW A509U, AZT) was shown to induce genome-wide DNA hypermethylation, low-frequency silencing of thymidine kinase (TK; EC 2.7.1.21) gene expression, and resistance to AZT. Twenty-four hours of exposure of V-79 cells to 150 microM AZT led to >(More)
A rapid method for the identification of known proteins separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis is described in which molecular masses of peptide fragments are used to search a protein sequence database. The peptides are generated by in situ reduction, alkylation, and tryptic digestion of proteins electroblotted from twodimensional gels. Masses are(More)
A method for the quantitative analysis of DNA 5-methylcytosine by one-dimensional high-performance thin-layer chromatography using alkylamino modified silica (HPTLC-NH2) plates is described. The preparative method is simple, involving enzymatic digestion of DNA with micrococcal nuclease and phosphodiesterase II to 3'-monophosphate nucleosides, conversion by(More)
Rational modulation of the immune response with biologics represents one of the most promising and active areas for the realization of new therapeutic strategies. In particular, the use of function blocking monoclonal antibodies targeting checkpoint inhibitors such as CTLA-4 and PD-1 have proven to be highly effective for the systemic activation of the(More)
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