Susan C Nulf

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Natural variations of wild Caenorhabditis elegans isolates having either Phe-215 or Val-215 in NPR-1, a putative orphan neuropeptide Y-like G protein-coupled receptor, result in either "social" or "solitary" feeding behaviors (de Bono, M., and Bargmann, C. I. (1998) Cell 94, 679-689). We identified a nematode peptide, GLGPRPLRF-NH2 (AF9), as a ligand(More)
P-Glycoproteins are transmembrane proteins associated with acquired multidrug resistance in mammalian cells and some protozoan parasites by a process of active drug export. P-glycoproteins contain two nucleotide binding domains which couple ATP to the drug transport process. The region between the nucleotide binding domains of P-glycoproteins, termed the(More)
This report describes the cloning and functional annotation of a Caenorhabditis elegans orphan G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) (C10C6.2) as a receptor for the FMRFamide-related peptides (FaRPs) encoded on the flp15 precursor gene, leading to the receptor designation FLP15-R. A cDNA encoding C10C6.2 was obtained using PCR techniques, confirmed identical to(More)
The gene encoding invertase (INV) has been cloned from Schwanniomyces occidentalis. The enzyme consists of 533 amino acids, 8 potential glycosylation sites and has a 45 % identity with the invertase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The proenzyme has a 22 amino acid signal sequence that has a high α-helical transmembrane potential which differs significantly(More)
Experimental evidence indicates that tubulin is the site of action of the anthelmintic benzimidazoles. Furthermore, certain residues of beta-tubulin seem to be critical for this mechanism. Although the benzimidazoles selectively affect nematode vs. mammalian beta-tubulin, the molecular basis for this differential action is not known. To enhance our(More)
A cDNA encoding phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) from Ascaris suum was cloned by complementation of a strain of Escherichia coli deficient in PEPCK and malic enzyme. The product of this cDNA was enzymatically similar to a recombinant PEPCK obtained from Haemonchus contortus by the same method. Comparison of the predicted amino acid sequence of A.(More)
Biochemical and metabolic data have led to the conclusion that the enzyme phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK; EC 4.1.1.32) contributes to a critical point of divergence in energy conservation pathways between mammals and nematodes. To facilitate the determination of the molecular basis for host vs parasite differences in PEPCK, we have cloned a cDNA(More)
Beta-Tubulin is the target for the benzimidazole anthelmintics. Unfortunately, none of these drugs is clinically useful against adult filariae. However, beta-tubulin has been shown to be a target for antibody-based toxicity to Brugia pahangi. We cloned and characterized cDNAs encoding beta-tubulin from 2 filariae, Dirofilaria immitis and Onchocerca(More)
Polyamines (PA) are essential for viability and replication of all cells; organisms either synthesize PA or acquire them from the environment. How nematodes that parasitize the gut satisfy their PA requirement has not been resolved. The primary regulatory enzyme in PA biosynthesis in most animals is ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). This enzyme has recently(More)
Phosphofructokinase (PFK), the key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, has been cloned from the pathogenic parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus by functional complementation in Escherichia coli. An E. coli strain deleted for both PFK loci (strain DF1020) was transformed with plasmid DNA from a lambda ZAP II H. contortus cDNA library. Two out of 3 x 10(7)(More)