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Attaching and effacing (A/E) lesion formation is central to enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) pathogenesis. In vitro experiments with human epithelial cell lines have implicated virulence plasmid-encoded bundle-forming pili (BFP) in initial binding and intimin in intimate attachment and A/E lesion formation. This study investigated the role of BFP(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) has been implicated as an agent of pediatric diarrhea in the developing world. We have shown previously that EAEC adheres to HEp-2 cells by virtue of a plasmid-encoded fimbrial adhesin designated aggregative adherence fimbria I (AAF/I), the genes for which have been cloned and sequenced. However, not all EAEC(More)
The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) plans to use estimation strategies of increasing complexity in the future and will need to estimate the variances resulting from those strategies. This report describes a relatively simple method of variance/mean squared error estimation, the delete-a-group jackknife, that can be used meaningfully in a(More)
Organ cultures of small- and large-intestinal mucosa from children were used to examine the interactions of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) with human intestine. Mucosae from patients aged between 3 and 190 months were cultured with five EAEC strains isolated from infants with diarrhea in the United Kingdom and with two well-described prototype(More)
Persistent diarrhoea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in AIDS patients, and consequently an important public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. Although intestinal protozoa and bacteria are detected in many of these patients, a substantial proportion of disease remains unexplained even after intensive investigation. HEp-2 cell adherent(More)
OBJECTIVE As the first laboratory to offer massively parallel sequencing-based noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for fetal aneuploidies, Sequenom Laboratories has been able to collect the largest clinical population experience data to date, including >100,000 clinical samples from all 50 U.S. states and 13 other countries. The objective of this study is(More)
BACKGROUND Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) constitute a significant risk to human health worldwide, and infections, particularly with serogroup O157:H7, are associated with consumption of a variety of food and water vehicles, particularly food of bovine origin. EHEC cause acute gastroenteritis, bloody diarrhoea, and haemorrhagic colitis; up to(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) forms thick biofilms on the intestinal mucosa. Here, we show that most EAEC strains form a biofilm on glass or plastic surfaces when grown in cell culture medium with high sugar and osmolarity. Biofilm-forming ability in two prototype EAEC strains required aggregative adherence fimbriae (AAF), although many other(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is a diarrheal pathogen defined by its characteristic aggregative adherence (AA) to HEp-2 cells in culture. We have previously shown that EAEC strains secrete a 10-kDa protein that is immunogenic in a human EAEC challenge model. We report here that this protein is encoded by a gene (called aap) lying immediately(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is an important cause of persistent diarrhea in many developing parts of the world, yet the pathogenetic mechanisms of EAEC diarrhea are unknown. Experiments with animal models suggest that EAEC strains damage the intestinal mucosa, and a putative cytotoxin has been described. To characterize the mucosal effects of(More)