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Oncologists traditionally assess their patients' ECOG performance status (PS), and few studies have evaluated the accuracy of these assessments. In this study, 101 patients attending a rapid access clinic at Papworth Hospital with a diagnosis of lung cancer were asked to assess their own ECOG PS score on a scale between 0 and 4. Patients' scores were(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was twofold: (1) to identify the incidence of acute mesenteric ischaemia (A.M.Isc.) following cardiopulmonary bypass and (2) to identify factors associated with its development. METHODS A retrospective review of all autopsy reports from 1st January 1994 to 31st December 2000 was undertaken. Fifty-two patients were(More)
INTRODUCTION This paper describes, for the first time, the outcomes of patients undergoing total hip replacement for acute fractured neck of femur (#NOF) as recorded by the National Joint Registry of England and Wales (NJR). METHODS In the NJR we identified 1,302 of 157,232 Hospital Episode Statistics linked patients who had been recorded as having a(More)
BACKGROUND High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a minimally-invasive treatment for nonmetastatic prostate cancer. OBJECTIVE To report medium-term outcomes in men receiving primary whole-gland HIFU from a national multi-centre registry cohort. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Five-hundred and sixty-nine patients at eight hospitals were entered(More)
PURPOSE Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging can be used to guide prostate biopsy by targeting biopsies to areas in the prostate at high risk for cancer. We compared the detection of clinically significant and insignificant cancer by transperineal magnetic resonance imaging targeted biopsy and transperineal template guided prostate biopsy. MATERIALS(More)
AIM To assess whether the early regurgitation of intravenous contrast medium into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and/or hepatic veins on computed tomography (CT), indicates tricuspid regurgitation (TR), and if so, whether it be used to grade severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS We identified 86 consecutive patients that had been investigated for possible(More)
BACKGROUND Although localised prostate cancer is multifocal in most instances, the index lesion might be responsible for disease progression. OBJECTIVE To determine the early genitourinary functional and cancer control outcomes of index lesion ablation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This was a single-centre prospective development study in which 56(More)
BACKGROUND Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has the potential to serve as a non-invasive triage test for men at risk of prostate cancer. Our objective was to determine the performance characteristics of mpMRI in men at risk before the first biopsy using 5 mm template prostate mapping (TPM) as the reference standard. METHODS One hundred(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective of the PICTURE study is to assess the negative predictive value of multi-parametric MRI (mp-MRI) and Prostate HistoScanning™ (PHS) in ruling-out clinically significant prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS PICTURE is a prospective diagnostic validating cohort study conforming to level 1 evidence. PICTURE will assess the(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the outcome of patients in atrial fibrillation (AF) following mitral valve repair, clinical and echocardiographic follow-up was undertaken in 400 consecutive patients who underwent mitral valvuloplasty from 1987 to 1999. METHODS AND RESULTS The main indications for surgery were degenerative (81.4%), endocarditis (7.1%), rheumatic(More)