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The PAH Mutation Analysis Consortium (81 investigators, 26 countries) is engaged in mutation detection at the human PAH locus. Ascertainment of probands occurs largely through newborn screening for hyperphenylalaninemia. A relational database records allelic variation (disease-producing and polymorphic) at the locus. Information is distributed by(More)
We analyzed correlations between mutant genotypes at the human phenylalanine hydroxylase locus (gene symbol PAH) and the corresponding hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) phenotypes (notably, phenylketonuria [OMIM 261600]). We used reports, both published and in the PAH Mutation Analysis Consortium Database, on 365 patients harboring 73 different PAH mutations in(More)
The R408W mutation in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene (PAH) of phenylketonuria patients occurs on haplotypes 2.3 and 1.8 in Europeans. The mutation involves a CpG dinucleotide; nonetheless, a single recombination event might also explain the two haplotype associations. By analysis of an STR in the PAH gene 5' to the 408 codon and of the VNTR system in(More)
We describe variation at the PAH locus in the population of Quebec. We successfully analyzed 135 of 141 chromosomes from phenylketonuria (PKU) probands (95.7% of the sample), and eight additional chromosomes from a small number of probands with non-PKU hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA). The full set of chromosomes harboured 45 different PAH mutations: i) seven(More)
PAHdb (http://www.mcgill.ca/pahdb ) is a curated relational database (Fig. 1) of nucleotide variation in the human PAH cDNA (GenBank U49897). Among 328 different mutations by state (Fig. 2) the majority are rare mutations causing hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) (OMIM 261600), the remainder are polymorphic variants without apparent effect on phenotype. PAHdb(More)
A website (http://www.mcgill.ca/pahdb ) is maintained by the curators for a Consortium (88 investigators, 28 countries) and all other users; it serves a relational database for human locus-specific genetic variation in a defined DNA sequence (GenBank U49897); (100 kb on human chromosome 12q24.1, gene symbol PAH). The intragenic nucleotide variation is both(More)
The predicted mutability profile (MUTPRED) of the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene shows that the 48 CpG sites (template and atemplate strands) are either empty of known mutations (7 sites), harbour "PKU" alleles involving CpG doublets (16 sites), or contain mutations that do not involve a C-->T or G-->A substitution in the doublet. These hypermutable(More)
Disease-producing allelic variation describes one aspect of human genetic diversity. Phenylketonuria, the major type of hyperphenylalaninaemia and formerly a functional genetic lethal, has a 2% carrier frequency in temperate-zone populations. Newborn screening for hyperphenylalaninaemia (incidence of 1 in 10000) has made it one of the most widely(More)
The R408W phenylketonuria mutation in Europe has arisen by recurrent mutation in the human phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) locus and is associated with two major PAH haplotypes. R408W-2.3 exhibits a west-to-east cline of relative frequency reaching its maximum in the Balto-Slavic region, while R408W-1.8 exhibits an east-to-west cline peaking in Connacht,(More)
We analyzed mutations, RFLP haplotypes (H), and a VNTR polymorphism at the phenylalanine hydroxylase locus (PAH) in 12 French-Canadian patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) from the eastern region of Quebec province and 13 non-French-Canadian PKU patients from the Montreal region. There were 10 different mutation/H/VNTR haplotype combinations on the 50 PKU(More)